Present tense verbs – part 2 – feminine subjects

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Objective:

Review the present tense masculine verb forms from yesterday’s lesson.

Learn the different forms of the verb for present tense feminine forms.

Lesson:

Review of masculine form

First get the “root” of the verb by remove “-ना (-naa)”.  If the subject is masculine singular, then add “ता (ta)” to the end.  If the subject is masculine and plural add “ते (te)”.

Now you just need to know the “helper” verb for the pronoun you want to use.  These pairings are the same for the feminine form of the present tense that we are covering today.

masculine – first person – singular

I [verb]  = मैं [verb] हूँ।  (main [verb] huun)

example:  I read.   मैं पढ़ता हूँ।  (main pardta huun).

masculine – first person – plural

We [verb] = हम [verb] हैं। (ham [verb] hain.)

example: We read.  हम पढ़ते हैं। (ham pardte hain.)

masculine – second person

The second person can be a little confusing.  There are three versions of you.  तू (tuu), तुम (tum), and आप (aap).  All three of which can be used when talking to a single person.  The first one “तू (tuu)” is grammatically singular and is the least formal.  It would be used when talking to your child, for instance.  The other two तुम (tum), and आप (aap) are grammatically plural.  The most polite version is आप (aap).

You will want to remember these combinations of the three “you” pronouns and the helper verbs.

तू (tuu) and है (hai)

तुम (tum) and हो (ho)

आप (aap) and हैं (hain)

Now in the present tense, the singular masculine is the verb root with “ता (ta)” added.  And the plural case is the root with “ते (te)” added.  The various forms of “I read.” are as follows:

तू पढ़ता है    (tuu pardta hai)

तुम पढ़ते हो   (tum pardte ho)

आप पढ़ते हैं   (aap pardte hain)

masculine – third person – singular

He [verb].  वह [verb] है। (vah [verb] hai)

example: He reads.  वह पढ़ता है। (vah pardta hai)

masculine – third person – plural

They [verb].  वे [verb] हैं। (ve [verb] hain).

example: They read.  वे पढ़ते हैं। (ve pardte hain).

Feminine Present Tense

After understanding the masculine version, the feminine form will be easy.  Take the root of the verb and add “ती (thii)” for both the singular and plural forms.  Here is an example using पढ़ना (pardnaa) – to read.

I read. (female speaker)  मैं पढ़ती हूँ।  (main pardtii huun).

We read. (referring to a group of females) हम पढ़ती हैं। (ham pardtii hain.)

You read. (referring to a female)  Three versions:

तू पढ़ती है    (tuu pardtii hai)

तुम पढ़ती हो   (tum pardtii ho)

आप पढ़ती हैं   (aap pardtii hain)  (This is the most formal.. If in doubt, use this form.)

She reads.  वह पढ़ती है। (vah pardtii hai)

They read.  वे पढ़ती हैं। (ve pardtii hain).  (for a group of females)

Resources:

I have created the beginnings of a page on the wiki explaining the present tense.  I have only completed the example for “to read”.  Sign up for an account on the wiki, http://www.ISpeakHindi.com/wiki and log in.  Once you are logged in, visit the page about the present tense: http://www.ispeakhindi.com/wiki/index.php?title=Verbs_-_Present_Tense You can click on “edit” for a particular section or for the whole page at the top.  Fill out the missing information.  If somebody else has already completed all of the verbs, go find another Hindi verb and add it to the list.

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