#312 – Naraindasji asks Meenaji about sending Rakhis to her brothers

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Nathan:  Welcome to ISpeakHindi.com.  This is episode #312 entitled “Naraindasji asks Meenaji about sending Rakhis to her brothers”.  Let us look at some of the vocabulary that we will see in today’s lesson.  I will say the English word, and Nariandasji will say the Hindi word.

Nathan:  “yesterday”

Naraindas: कल.  We should point out that कल  also meens tomorrow.  You have to look at the sentence to see which meaning is correct.

Nathan: “what”

Naraindas:  क्या  (kyaa)

Nathan: “is”

Naraindas: है  (hai)

Nathan: “was”

Naraindas: था  (thaa)

Nathan: “Yes”

Narindas: हाँ  (haan), However, you can make this more polite and formal by adding a जी (jii) to make जी हाँ (jii hain).

Nathan: Now, let us hear the dialog between Meenaji and Naraindasji.

Naraindas: मीना, आपको मालूम है कल क्या धा?

(meenaa, aapko maaluum hai kal kyaa thaa?)

Meena: जी हाँ, कल रक्षाबन्धन था।

(jii haan, kal rakshabandhan thaa)
Naraindas: क्या आपने अपने भाइयों को राखियाँ भेजीं ?

(kyaa aapne apne bhaiyon ko rakhiyaan bhejiin?)

Meena: जी हाँ, मैं ने भेजीं।
(jii haan, main ne bhejiin)

Nathan: Now let us review the dialog line by line.  Nariandasji what was the first line you said?

Naraindas: मीना, आपको मालूम है कल क्या धा?

(meenaa, aapko maaluum hai kal kyaa thaa?)

which means “Meena, do you know what yesterday was?”

Nathan:  Notice the last part of that sentence. कल क्या धा?  (kal kyaa thaa?)  “What was yesterday?”  Remember that कल  (kal) can mean either yesterday or tomorrow.  But because of the verb “was” we know that कल (kal) in this case means yesterday.  And क्या (kyaa) means “what”.  Meenaji, what do you say in response?

Meena:  जी हाँ, कल रक्षाबन्धन था। (jii haan, kal rakshabandhan thaa) which means “Yes, yesterday was Rakshabandhan.”

Nathan:  Notice the use of जी हाँ (jii haan).  This is a very polite way of saying “yes”.  You can think of it as being equivalent to “yes sir” or “Yes madam”.  You could also say just हाँ (haan) or actually if you just say जी (jii) it would be a short form of the polite version of “yes”.

Notice how similar the response and the question are.  कल क्या था? (kal kyaa thaa?)  कल रक्षाबन्धन था।  (kal rakshabandhan thaa?) Mr. Nariandas, what do you say in response?

Naraindas:  “क्या आपने अपने भाइयों को राखियाँ भेजीं ? ”  (kyaa aapne apne bhaiyon ko rakhiyaan bhejiin?) which means “Did you send rakhis to your brothers?”

Nathan:  Meena, how do you reply him?

Meena:  जी हाँ, मैं ने भेजीं।  (जी हाँ, मैं ने भेजीं।) which means “Yes, I sent them.”

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