किसका – whose?

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Today we are going to look at the word “किसका” (kiskaa) which means “whose”.  Before we do that, let us look at the review questions at the end of the last episode.

Review questions:

Use the correct word for “when”: कब (kab) or जब (jab).

 

1) आप _कब___  खाते हैं?

(aap kab khate hain)

When do you eat?

2) मैं खाता हूँ __जब__  मुझे भूख लगती है।

(main khaataa huun  jab mujhe bhuukh lagatii hai)

I eat when I feel hunger.

 

Translate the following from Hindi into English:

3) पहुँचा (pahunchaa) – reach

4) बन्द  (band) – closed/finished

5) आया (aayaa) – come

6) घर (ghar) – house

 

Translate the following from English into Hindi:

7) hungry – भूख (bhuukh)

8) When did your husband come? – कब आपका पति आईं? (kab aapkaa pati aaiin?) 

9) in the office – दफ्तर में (daphtar men)

10) in the house –  घर में (ghar men)

 

Today’s lesson

Let us look at some example sentences:

1) Whose house is this?

किसका घर यह है?

(kiskaa ghar yah hai?)

 

2) This is my house.

यह मेरा घर है।

(yah meraa ghar hai)

 

3) Whose book is that?

किसकी किताब वह है?

(kiskii kitaab vah hai?)

 

4) That is his book.

वह उसकी किताब है।

(vah uskii kitaab hai)

 

Notice how it is किसका if the noun is “masculine” and it is किसकी if the noun is feminine.  Let us see some more examples to illustrate this.

 

5) Whose son is this?

यह किसका बेटा है?

(yah kiskaa betaa hai?)

 

6) Whose daughter is this?

यह किसकी बेटी है?

(yah kiskii betii hai?)

 

Let us look at another set of examples to see how this works:

7) Whose husband is that?

वह किसका पति है?

(vah kiskaa pati hai?)

 

8) Whose wife is that?

वह किसकी पत्नी है?

(vah kiskii patnii hai?)

 

Now that you see how gender works, let us look at किसके which is used for plural, masculine nouns.

10) Whose sons are those?

वे किसके बेटे हैं?

(ve kiske bete hain?)

 

11) Whose dictionaries are those?

वे किसके शब्दकोश हैं?

(ve kiske shabdkosh hain?)

 

12) Whose houses are those?

वे किसके घर हैं?

(ve kiske ghar hain?)

 

However, the plural form for feminine nouns is the same as the singular, i.e. किसकी (kiskii)

13) Whose daughters are these?

ये किसकी बेटेहैं?

(ye kiskii bete hain?)

 

14) Whose books are those?

वे किसकी किताबेंहैं?

(ve kiskii kitaaben hain?)

 

15) Whose tables are those?

वे किसकी मेज़ेंहैं?

(ve kiskii mezen hain?)

 

Review questions:

Use the correct version of “whose” (i.e. किसका, किसकी, किसके) in the following sentences.

1) यह _______ मेज़ है?

2) वह _______ गाड़ी है?

3) वे _______ छोटी चिड़ियाँ हैं?

4) वह _______ लाल घर है?

5) यह ______  बग़ीचा है?

6) वे ______ बड़े कमरे हैं?

Translate the following from English to Hindi:

7) this –

8) that –

9) these –

10) those –

 

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Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi

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