I was in the public library and came across a dozen children’s books in Hindi. I checked out one called नटखट बछिया which means “Naughty Girl Calf”. I thought it would be a good idea to learn the Hindi required to read this book. Therefore, we will look at a few sentences in the book, one at a time, and talk through the vocabulary and the grammar. Hopefully, this will improve your understanding of Hindi.
Here is the first sentence:
यह कहानी गौरी नाम की बछिया की है।
This story is of a girl calf named Gourii.
यह – this
कहानी (f) – story
गौरी – Gouri (girl’s name)
नाम – name
की – that/of
बछिया – girl calf
है – is
Other examples of using these words:
यह किताब है। – This is a book.
यह – can also mean “he” or “she” and implies nearness. For example: यह सुनील है। – This is Sunil. There is another version of this pronoun that is used when there is a postposition. For example, I could say “His name is Sunil.” And that would be “इसका नाम सुनील है।. See how यह has changed to इस when we add the का.
यह कहानी छोटी है। – This story is small.
Notice how we said छोटी instead of छोटा. That is because कहानी is feminine and we have to make the adjective agree with it. If I was saying the “The boy is small.” then it would be लड़का छोटा है।.
गाय का बच्चा बछिया कहलाता है। A cow’s child is called “bachiyaa”. This is actually a feminine calf. Like in a previous example, we would say यह छोटी बछिया है। This is a small girl calf.
A boy calf is called बछड़ा.
Write the English words for the following Hindi words:
Write the Hindi words for the following English Words:
4) this (as in “This is a book”)
5) his (as in “His name is Sunil”)
Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi