Letter Focus – फ

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Do you know the letter फ? In English pronunciations, you will see it written as “pha”. It is the aspirated version of प. Today, let us get comfortable with listening for and saying फ. Today’s lesson gives examples of फ at the beginning and middle of words, and in combination with several vowels.

How does it look?

Starts out just like प, but then the curve line extends through the verticle line and loops down.  It looks like a T with a sideways S on top of it.  The middle part of the S crosses the verticle bar of the T.  The top part of the S touches the top line to the left of the horizontal line.  The bottom of the S is on the right side of the verticle line and loops down.

How to type it?

If you are using a US English keyboard with the standard Devanagari/Hindi layout, then you would press “H”

(see “How to type in Hindi” for more information about setting up your computer.)


At the Beginning

फल  – fruit

फन – snake’s expanded hood

फर्श – floor

फड़कना – to twitch

फर-फर – flapping sound

In the Middle

सफल – successful

डफली – type of Indian drum

At the End

खौफ़ – fear

साफ़ – clean

With other vowels

फाटक – gate

गुफा – cave

Related Podcasts

Hindi Consonants Bundle – March 2009 – CD 2 Track 9

Check out our wiki page on this letter:


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Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi
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Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.