Past Doubtful or Presumptive Perfect – संदिग्ध भूतकाल (Sandigdh Bhootkaal)

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Sandigdh Bhootkaal represents an act in the past, with a doubt as to if had actually happened or not. It is formed by adding hoga, hogi, honge, hongi, hoonga or hoongi to the verb in the samanya bhootkaal.

Eg:-

चला होगा(chala hoga), चले होंगे(chale honge ), चली होगी(chali hogi), चली होंगी (chali hongi), चला हूँगा (chala hoonga), चली हूँगी (chali hoongi)

He must have walked.
वह चला होगा
Vah chala hoga

Reena might have come.
रीना आई होगी
Reena aayi hogi

You might have heard.
तुम सुने होगे/सुनी होगी
Tum sune hoge/suni hogi

I might not have read.
मैं पड़ा नहीं हूँगा
Main pada nahin hoonga

Ram might have come to my house yesterday.
राम कल मेरे घर आया होगा
Ram kal mere ghar aaya hoga

Sam and Tony might have come home.
सम और टोनी घर आए होंगे
Sam aur Tony ghar aaye honge

Rajiv might have done his homework.
राजीव ने उनके होमवर्क (गृहकार्य) किए होंगे
Rajiv ne unke homework(grihakary) kiye honge

Anup might have read both books.
अनूप ने दोनो किताबें पढ़ी होगी
Anup ne dono kitabem padhi hogi

He might not have gone to school.
वह आज स्कूल नहीं गया होगा
Vah aaj school nahin gaya hoga

The Aryans might have come from Central Asia.
आर्य लोग मध्य एशिया से आए होंगे
Arya log madhya asia se aaye honge

The train might have started by now.
रेल गाड़ी अब तक रवाना हो चुकी होगी
Rel gaadi ab tak ravana ho chuki hogi

She might have told a lie.
उसने एक झूट बोली होगी
usne ek jhoot boli hogi

Someone might have heard.
किसीने सुना होगा
Kiseene suna hoga.

He might not have slept last night.
वह पिछले रात को सोया नहीं होगा
Vah pichale raat ko soya nahin hoga

They might not have understood my words.
वे मेरे शब्धों को समझ नहीं सके होंगे
Ve mere shadhon ko samajh nahin sake honge

Having heard this, how great must be the grief.
यह सुन कर कितना दुख हुआ होगा
Yah sun kar kitana dukh hua hoga

 

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