Gender – लिंग (Ling)

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All nouns in Hindi are divided into one of two grammatical types, called genders. These genders are masculine- पुल्लिंग and feminine- स्त्री लिंग. Nouns often modify other words in the sentence according to their gender.

All male living beings are masculine. All female living beings are feminine. In the case of names of inanimate things and abstract, collective and material nouns, gender is determined mainly by usage.

Masculine gender- पुल्लिंग
Feminine gender- स्त्री लिंग

ladka (लड़का)
boy

ladki (लड़की)
girl

aadmi(आदमी)
man

aurat (औरत)
woman

pita(पिता)
father

mata(माता )
mother

beta(बेटा)
son

beti (बेटी)
daughter

bachcha(बच्चा)
boy baby

bachchi(बच्ची)
girl baby

bhai (भाई)
brother

bahan(बहन)
sister

adhyapak(अध्यापक)
male teacher
adhyapika(अध्यापिका)
female teacher

raja (राजा)
king
rani (रानी)
queen

pota (पोता)
grand- son
poti (पोती)
grand- daughter

dada (दादा)
paternal grandfather
dadi (दादी)
paternal grandmother

nana (नाना )
maternal grandfather
nani (नानी )
maternal grandmother

hathi (हाथी)
male elephant
hathini (हथिनी)
female elephant

Sher(शेर)
lion
Sherni(शेरनी )
lioness

nar maina(नर मैना)
male maina
mada maina (मादा मैना)
female maina

nar kaua(नर कौआ)
male crow
mada kaua(मादा कौआ)
female crow

 

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