Gender – Part 2 – Rules about masculine nouns

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Rules for masculine gender – पुल्लिंग :-

  1. All nouns ending in आ (aa), except those originated from Sanskrit will be masculine. e.gs.-cloth- कपड़ा (kapada), shoe- जूता (juta),umbrella- छाता (chata), money – पैसा (paisa), and so on.

    Exception- Words ending in इया (iya) are feminine. e.gs- लुटिया (lutiya), case/box-डिबिया(dibiya), etc

  1. The names of metals, planets, stars, trees, mountains, precious stones, months, days, oceans, countries, cities, places and grains are masculine.

    Exception:-silver- चाँदी (chandi), Earth- पृथ्वी (prithvi), tamarind- इमली (imali), Delhi- दिल्ली (dilli), green gram- मूँग (moong), red gram- अरहर (arhar), etc.

  1. Almost all the liquids are masculine.

Exception:- लस्सी (lassi), छाछ (chacha)

  1. Nouns originated from verbs are masculine. e.gs.- walk-चलना (chalna), play-खेलना (khelna), run-दौड़ना (daudna), etc.
  2. Almost all nouns ending with अ (a) are masculine. e.gs.- house- घर (ghar), water- जल (jal), tree- पेड़ (ped), earth/land- थल (thal), moment-पल(pal), wealth- धन (dhan)

Exception:-night- रात (raat), evening- शाम (shaam), matter- बात(baat), etc.

  1. Nouns originated from Urdu, ending in आब (aab), आन (aan), आल (aal), and आर (aar) are masculine.

    e.gs.-rose- गुलाब (gulab), answer- जवाब (jawab), account/calculation-हिसाब (hisaab), a type grilled meat dish- कबाब (kabab), house/residence-मकान (makaan), market-बाज़ार (bazaar), question-सवाल (sawaal), and so on.

    Exception:-book- किताब (kitaab),liquor/alcoholic drink- शराब (sharaab),shop- दुकान (dukaan), government/state-सरकार (sarkar),etc.

  1. Words originated from Sanskrit and ending in ता (ta), त्र (tra), आस (aas), आप (aap), आर (aar), and  न (na) are masculine.

    e.gs.- song-गीत (geet), friend-मित्र (mitr), heat-ताप (taap), degeneration- विकार (vikar), promise-वचन (vachan), etc.

 

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