Case Endings – Part 3

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अपादान कारक -  a separation/detachment from the noun or the pronoun is denoted by से.

English
Hindi
Transliteration

Book fell from hand.
हाथ से किताब गिर गयी।
Haath se kitaab gir gayi

Boys are returning from school.
लड़के स्कूल से लौट रहे है।
Ladke school se laut rahe hai

Sangeetha feel from the horse.
संगीता घोड़े से गिर पड़ी।
Sangeetha ghode se gir padi

Child fell from roof-top.
बच्चा छत से गिर पड़ा।
Bachcha chat se gir pada

6. संबंध कारक – का, के, की signifies a relation or connection between two or more persons or things.

English
Hindi
Transliteration

This is Kamala’s cow.
यह कमला की गाय है।
Yeh Kamala ki gaay hai

This is Radheshyam’s son.
यह राधेश्याम का बेटा है।
Yeh Radheshyam ka beta hai

These are Ram’s children.
ये राम के बच्चे है।
Ye Ram ke bachche hai

This is my house.
यह मेरा घर है।
Yeh mera (main +ka) ghar hai

This is Thomas’  book.
यह थॉमस की किताब है।
Yeh Thomas ki kitaab hai

7. अधिकरण कारक – It has reference to place, time, and logical sequence. में, पर are the case endings.

English
Hindi
Transliteration

Who stays in this house?
इस घर में कौन रहता है?
Is ghar mein kaun rahata hai?

Book is laid on the table.
मेज़ पर किताब रखी है।
Mez par kitaab rakhi hai

There is red ink in the pen.
कलम में लाल स्याही है।
Kalam mein lal syaahi hai

Bees are hovering over the lowers.
भँवरा फूलों पर मँडरा रहा है।
Bhavraa phoolom par mandara raha hai

T.V. is kept in the room.
कमरे में टी.वी. रखा है।
Kamre mein T.V. raha hai

8. संबोधन कारक is used for addressing a person or persons. हे ! हरे ! अरे ! हो ! are used.

English
Hindi
Transliteration

My goodness!/Jesus!/Oh God!
हे भगवान !
Hey Bhagvaan

Oh Brother! why are you crying?
अरे भैया ! क्यों रो रहे हो ?
Are bhaiyya! kyon ro rahe ho?

Hey Gopal! Come here.
हे गोपाल ! यहाँ आओ।
Hey Gopal! yaham aao

Oh wicked!
अरे दुष्ट!

Aree dusht!

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