Number – वचन (Vachan) – part 2

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Number – वचन (Vachan)

There are two Numbers in Hindi, Singular and Plural. A Noun denoting one person or thing is said to be in the Singular Number- एकवचन (ekvachan). A Noun denoting more than one person or thing is said to be in the Plural Number- बहुवचन (bahuvachan).

Examples:

English
Hindi
Transliteration

This girl is small.
यह लड़की छोटी है।
Yeh ladki choti hai

These girls are small
ये लड़कियाँ छोटी हैं।
Ye ladkiyam choti haim

These fruits are sweet.
ये फल मीठे हैं।
Ye phal meethe haim

That sweet fruit comes from Mumbai.
वह मीठा फल मुंबई से आता है।
Vah meetha phal mumbai se aata hai

I have two pens.
मेरे पास दो कलमें हैं।
Mere pass do kalamem haim

What are the names of your sons?
आपके लड़के का नाम क्या है?
Aapke ladke ka naam kya hai?

What is written in these books?
इन किताबों में क्या लिखा है?
In kitaabom mein kya likha hai?

Where do you people live?
आप लोग कहाँ रहते हैं?
Aap log kaham rahate haim?

My uncles have come.
मेरे चाचा आए हैं।
Mere chacha aaye haim

What is the price of these cows?
इन गायों का दाम कितना है?
In gaayom ka daam kitana hai?

These watches are not good.
ये घड़ियाँ अच्छी नहीं है।
Ye ghadiyam achchi nahin hai

Cats catch rats.
बिल्लियाँ चूहे को पकड़ती हैं।
Billiyam chuhe ko pakadti haim

My sisters don’t eat bread.
मेरी बहनें रोटी नहीं खातीं।
Meri bahenem roti nahin khatim

Ram has two horses.
राम के पास दो घोड़े हैं।
Ram ke pass do ghode haim

Elephant’s eyes are small and ears are big.
हाथी की आँखें छोटी और कान बड़े होते हैं।
Hathi ki aankhem choti aur kaan bade hote haim

There are five rivers in Punjab.
पंजाब में पाँच नदियाँ हैं।
Punjab mein paanch nadiyam haim

The roads in Madras are very broad.
मद्रास की सड़कें बहुत चौड़ी हैं।
Madras ki sadkem bahut choudi haim

Women wear bangles in their hands.
स्त्रियाँ अपनी हाथों में चूड़ियाँ पहनती हैं।
Sthriyam apni hathom mein choodiyam pahanti haim

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