Potential Pitfalls in learning Hindi:

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Potential Pitfalls in learning Hindi:

The pronunciation of the letters in the ट and त series is found difficult by some. त(t) and द(d) are dental consonants. ट(t) and ड(d) are cerebral consonants.

For pronouncing ड and ट, the tip of the tongue is rather broadened out and lumped together, pressed against the palate rather far back, and then somewhat sharply brought away as the sound is uttered.

Pronunciation of is as in:

Words starting with

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Tomato

टमाटर

Tamatar

Service

टहल

Tahal

Words with in the middle

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Button

बटन

Button

Jackfruit

कटहल

Kathal

Words with in the end

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Sideway

करवट

Karvat

Naughty

नटखट

Natkhat

Pronunciation of is as in:

Words starting with

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Fear

डर

Dar

A drum

डमरू

Damru

Words with in the middle

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Confusion

गड़बड़

Gadbad

To fly

उड़ना

Udna

Words with in the end

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Fly

उड़

Ud

Rigid/stiff

अकड़

Akad

For the pronunciation of the त and द series, the tongue is brought forward against the upper teeth, or even between the teeth. These sounds are distinctly softer and more dental than the t and d in English.

Pronunciation of is as in:

Words starting with

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Watermelon

तरबूज

Tarbooj

Body

तन

Tan

Words with in the middle

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Cutting/shred

कतरन

Katran

Pigeon

कबूतर

Kabootar

Words with in the end

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Woman/Lady

औरत

Aurat

Exercise

कसरत

Kasrat

Pronunciation of is as in:

Words starting with

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Door

दरवाज़ा

Darwaza

Mirror

दर्पण

Darpan

Words with in the middle

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Ginger

अदरक

Adarak

Body

बदन

Badan

Words with in the end

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Id

ईद

Id

Later/after

बाद

Baad

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