Past Participle

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Past Participle (भूतकालीन कृदंत):

The past participle is formed by addingहुआ” to the past tense of a verb. Sometimes हुआ” is not added.  The past participle agrees with the number and gender of the noun it qualifies. When a noun or a pronoun is used attributively before a past participle, the adjective should be in the possessive case.

English

Hindi

Transliteration

A washed cloth

धोया हुआ कपड़ा

Dhoya hua kapada

Blossomed flowers

खिले हुए फूल

Khile huye phool

Dried wood

सूखी हुई लकड़ी

Sooki huyi lakdi

An educated man

पढ़ा-लिखा आदमी

Padha-likha aadmi

An educated woman

पढ़ी-लिखी औरत

Padhi-likhi aurat

Boiled milk

उबाला हुआ दूध

Ubaala hua doodh

Heated milk

गर्म किया हुआ दूध

Garam kiya hua doodh

It is good to drink boiled water.

उबाला हुआ पानी पीना अच्छा है

Ubaala hua paani peena achcha hai

Who is the girl seated there?

वहाँ बैठी हुई लड़की कौन है?

Vahan baithi huyi ladki kaun hai

This book is written by me.

यह किताब मेरी लिखी हुई है

Yah kitaab meri likhi huyi hai

This fort was built by Akbar.

यह अकबर द्वारा बनाया हुआ किला है

Yah Akbar dwaara banaaya hua kila hai

This is a film already seen by me.

यह पहले से ही देखा हुआ फिल्म है

Yah pahle se hi dekha hua film hai

Don’t believe in rumours.

सुनी हुई बातों पर विश्वास मत करो

Suni huyi baatom par vishwas mat karo

Readymade things are often worthless.

बनी-बनाई चीज़ें अक्सर निकम्मी होती हैं

Bani-banayi cheezem aksar nikammi hoti haim

Some people worship the souls of dead persons.

कुछ लोग मरे हुए आदमियों की आत्माओं की पूजा करते हैं

Kuch log mare huye aadmiyom ki aatmaom ki pooja karte haim

Well chewed food is digested quickly.

खूब चबाया हुआ खाना जल्दी पचता है

khoob chabaaya hua khana jaldi pachta hai

The bread made by you have been eaten by the cat.

तुम्हारी बनाई हुई रोटी बिल्ली खा गयी

Tumhari banayi huyi roti billi kha gayi

Test:

Fill in the blanks with correct form of the verb.

[खो (kho), सो(so), दे (de), लेट (let), गिर (gir)]

1. मेरी ____ कलम मिल गयी | (Meri ____ kalam mil gayi)

2. ____ लड़का जाग पड़ा | ( ____ ladka jaag pada)

3. ____ चीज़ वापस लेना ठीक नहीं है | ( ___ cheez vapas lena teek nahin hai)

4. उस पेड़ के नीचे _____ आदमी को तुम पहचानते हो ?(Us ped ke neeche _____ aadmi ko tum pahchante ho?)

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