The Use of होना (Hona) & पड़ना (Padna).

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The Use of होना (Hona) & पड़ना (Padna):

Though होना (Hona) means “be”, “occur”, “exist”, “to be”, “to become”. But, होना indicates necessity. The subject of होना is always in dative.

e.g. मुझे जाना होगा (mujhe jaana hoga), not मैं जाना होगा (main jaana hoga)

English

Hindi

Transliteration

Abscound

फरार होना

Farar hona

Absent oneself

अनुपस्थित होना

Anupastit hona

Abort

गर्भस्राव होना/गर्भपात होना

Garbhsraav hona/garbhpaat hona

I will have to go to the town today.

आज मुझे शहर जाना होगा

Aaj mujhe shahar jaana hoga

I have to tell you something.

मुझे तुमसे एक बात कहनी होगी

Mujhe tumse ek baat kahni hogi

He will have to bring medicine from the doctor’s place tomorrow.

कल उसको डाक्टर के यहाँ से दवा लानी होगी

Kal usko dactar ke yaham se dava laani hogi

You will have to work hard, if you want to pass the examination.

यदि तुम परीक्षा में उतीर्ण होना चाहते हो तो तुमको कठिन मेहनत करनी होगी

Yadi tum pareeksha mein uteern hona chahte ho to tumko kathin mehnat karni hogi

पड़ना (Padna) means to fall. But this word indicates obligation or compulsion. The subject of पड़ना is always in dative.

e.g. उसको लड़ना पड़ा (usko ladna pada), not वह लड़ना पड़ा (vah ladna pada)

English

Hindi

Transliteration

To fall in love

प्रेम में पड़ना

Prem mein padna

Perhaps you too will have to come with me

शायद तुमको भी मेरे सात आना पड़ेगा

Shaayad tumko bhi mere saat aana padega

I had to buy this book from the Indian Press.

मुझे इंडियन प्रेस से यह किताब ख़रीदनी पड़ी

Mujhe Indian Press se yah kitaab khareedni padi

The poor have to bear everything.

ग़रीबों को ही सब कुछ सहना पड़ता है

Gareebon ko hi sab kuch sahna padta hai

I have to go to Kolkatta today itself.

मुझे आज ही कलकत्ता जाना पड़ेगा

Mujhe aaj hi Kalkatta jaana padega

I had to pay Rs.1000/- for this watch.

मुझे इस घड़ी के लिए हज़ार रुपये देने पड़े

Mujhe is ghadi ke liye hazaar rupaye dene pade

Has to fulfill the promise that was done……..

जो वादा किया वो निभाना पड़ेगा….

jo vada kiya vo nubhana padega….

He had to speak in Hindi in yesterday’s meeting.

उसको कल की बैठक में हिन्दी में बात करना पड़ा

Usko kal ki baithak mein Hindi mein baat karna pada

Test:

Translate the following:

1. I had to meet my teacher before 5o’clock.

2. इंग्लेंड को जर्मनी से लड़ना पड़ा (england ko germany se ladna pada)

3. She may have to send her son to Bangalore.

4. You will have to send me those books.

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