Festivals of India

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There are festivals for all sorts of reasons.  Many come from commemorating religions events, and in India with two very major religions represented, there are many festivals.  Hindu festivals and Muslim festivals are widely celebrated.  There is also a sizable Christian presence in some parts of India as well, and those festivals are also celebrated.   Today we learn the names of some of these festivals in Hindi.

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Major Festivals of India:

English
Hindi
Transliteration

New Year’s Day
नव वर्ष दिवस
Nav Varsh Diwas

Muharram
मुहर्रम
Muharram

A harvest festival
मकर संक्रांति
Makar Sankranti

Also known as Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Bihu in Assam, Bhogi in Andhra Pradesh, Lohri in Punjab and the Sankranti in Karnataka, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh

Konark Dance Festival
कोणार्क नृत्य महोत्सव
Konark Nrutya Mahotsav

Night of Shiva
महा  शिवरात्रि
Maha Shivarathri

The Festival of Color
होली
Holi

The birthday of Lord Rama
रामनवमी
Ramnavami

The birth anniversary of Vardhman Mahavir, the founder of Jainism
महावीर जयंती
Mahavir Jayanthi

Easter
ईस्टर
Easter

The birth anniversary of Lord Buddha, founder of Buddhism
बुद्धा पूर्णिमा
Buddha Poornima

New Year
गुडी पड़वा/ उगादी/ पुतांदू / विशु/ बिहू
Gudi Padwa/ Ugadi/ Puthandu/ Vishu/ Bihu

Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra and Ugadi in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Vishu in Kerala. Chaitra Navratri in North,  Bihag Bihu or Rangoli bihu in North East.

Chariot festival  at the famous Jagannath Temple at Puri (Orissa).
रथ उत्सव
Rath Utsav

Birthday of Lord Ganesh
गणेश चतुर्थी
Ganesh Chaturthi

A brother and sister festival
रक्षा बंधन/राखी
Raksha bandhan  or Rakhi

Birth anniversary of Lord Krishna
जन्माष्टमी
Janmashtami

A celebration of victory of good over evil.
दसरा
Dussehra/dasara/dassera

Prayers to the Mother Goddess
नवरात्रि
Navarathri

Ramadan/Ramzan
ईद-उल-फ़ित्र
Id-ul-fitr

Festival of lights
दीवाली/दीपावली
Diwali/Deepavali

Birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of the Sikh faith
गुरु नानक जयंती
Guru Nank Jayanti

Thanks Giving Day  of the Sindhi Community
छैलो/ छाई साहिब
Chailo or Chailo Sahib

Parsi New Year
जमशेद-ए-नवरोज़
Jamshed-e-Navroz

Fasting kept by Hindu women for the well-being, prosperity and longevity of their husbands.
करवा चौथ
Karva Chauth

Christmas
क्रिस्मस
Christmas

Test:

  1. What is Holi?
    1. Festival of lights
    2. Festival of colors
    3. Festival of  brothers and sisters
    4. Festival of married ladies
  1. Which festival is known as Dussehra?
    1. New Year’s Day
    2. Thanks Giving Day 
    3. A celebration of victory of good over evil
    4. A harvest festival
  1. What if the Parsi New Year called?
    1. Gudi Padwa
    2. Ugadi
    3. Rangoli bihu
    4. Jamshed-e-Navroz
  1. What is the Festival of Lights known as?
    1. Holi
    2. Chailo
    3. Diwali
    4. Id
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