Pitfalls in Learning Hindi – difference between ढ and द

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Each language has its challenges for the person first learning that language.  One difficulty that English speakers have when learning Hindi is distinguishing between two characters that look a like and also sound a like.  While there might be confusion regarding these letters and sounds to an English speaker, there is a very real difference to the native Hindi speaker.  Today, we learn the difference between and .

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Pitfalls in Learning Hindi

Confusing letters: and

The alphabet (dh) is a cerebral consonant. is an aspirated alphabet and more stress should be given to the h in dh. And is written as shown below:

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Whereas, the alphabet  (da) is a dental consonant. And is written as shown below:

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is pronounced as in:

Words with

English
Hindi
Transliteration

Tambourine
ढपली
Dhapali

Lid
ढक्कन
Dhakkan

To sink
ढलना
Dhalna

Night fall
शाम ढलना
Shaam dhalna

Tabor(a small drum)
ढोलक
Dholak

Dholpur (a place)
ढोलपुर
Dholpur

Lump/mass
ढेला
Dhela

Clerihew(a humorous verse)
ढकोसला
Dhakosala

is pronounced as in:

Words with

    English
    Hindi
    Transliteration

    Day
    दिन
    Din

    Grandfather
    दादा
    Dada

    Grandmother
    दादी
    Dadi

    Elder Sister
    दीदी
    Didi

    Id
    ईद
    Id

    Later/after
    बाद
    Baad

    Door
    दरवाज़ा
    Darwaza

    Mirror
    दर्पण
    Darpan

    Ginger
    अदरक
    Adarak

    Body
    बदन
    Badan

    Pathetic
    दयनीय
    Dayaneeya

    Memory
    याद
    Yaad

    Marriage
    शादी
    Shaadi

    Wreck/screw up
    बरबादी
    Barbaadi

    Inside/within
    अंदर
    andar

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Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi

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