Household Articles – गृहस्थी की वस्तुएं (grihasthi ki vastuyem):-part2

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Household Articles – गृहस्थी की वस्तुएं (grihasthi ki vastuyem):

Part II

In this lesson, we shall learn the use of some household articles in sentence making.




The sofa bed unfolds to a mattress.

सोफ़े बिस्तर[1] एक गद्दा सा फैलता है ।

Palang bistar ek gadda sa phailta hai

There is a single foam mattress.

वहाँ एक फ़ोम (का) गद्दा[2] है ।

Vahan ek foam ka gadda hai

There is a rise in demand for the Indian cushion covers.

भारतीय कुशन /गद्दी कवर[3] के मांग में वृद्धि है ।

Bharathiy gaddi cover ke mang mein vruddi hai

The cushion covers are often decorated with beadwork.

कुशन कवर अक्सर मनका शिल्प [4] से सजाया जाता है ।

Cushion cover aksar manka kaam se sajaya jaata hai

Curtains can change the whole look of the rooms.

पर्दे कमरों के सारे दिखाव/ रूप-रंग / प्रतिभास[5] बदल सकते हैं ।

parde kamre ki saari roop badam sakti haim

Curtains are usually custom made.

पर्दे आम तौर पर विशेष रूप से बनाए जाते हैं ।

Parde aamtaur par vishesh roop se banaya jaate hai

Who has the key?

चाबी किसके पास है ?

Chabi kiske pas hai

Mary lost her vehicle key.

मरियम उसके वाहन की चाबी खो दिया है ।

Mariam uske vaahan ki chabi kho diya hai

Raja has a multicolored umbrella.

राजा के पास रंग-बिरंगा[6] छाता है ।

Raja ke pas bahurangi chata hai

Use an umbrella[7] for protect from the Sun.

सूर्य से बचने के लिए एक छतरी का इस्तेमाल करें ।

Surya se bachne ke liye ek chatari ka istemaal karem

The baby was cold, so his mother put a blanket over him.

बच्चे को ठंड लगी थी तो उसके माँ ने उसके उपर एक कंबल डाल दिया[8]

Bachche ko thand lagi thi to uske maa ne uske upar ek kambal daal diya

Throw blankets are smaller blankets.

‘थ्रो ब्लॅंकेट्स’[9] छोटे कंबल हैं ।

‘Throw blankets’ chote kambal hai

Test your understanding:

1. What is ‘छतरी’?

a. Vase

b. Mat

c. Umbrella

d. Rug

2. What is meant by ‘पर्दा’?

a. Mattress

b. Curtain

c. Cushion

d. Cushion Cover

3. What is ‘key’ known in Hindi?

a. छाता (chata)

b. कंबल (kambal)

c. बिस्तर (bistar)

d. चाबी (chaabi)

[1] सोफ़े बिस्तर is used extensively; पलंग बिस्तर together I have not encountered.

[2] Generally used without the possessive का.

[3] कुशन is being seen more and more, especially in context with कवर.

[4] काम नहीं !

[5] कमरों का रूप दर असल बदलता नहीं.

[6] Not used as an expression with umbrellas; but, if it were, छाता is masculine, hence it would be better for students to see बहुरंगा छाता, even though बहुरंगी be completely proper.

[7] While perfectly correct, “umbrella” [little shade] is now taken to be rain apparel; to distinguish, people often say “sun umbrella”, “parasol”, and even “sunshade”. Also छतरी is a parasol, a small umbrella.

[8] We are in a quandary here: डालना is “to spread (a blanket)”; whereas डाल देना can be either “to abandon, to cast off; to thrust in”… or “give a bridal gift”–and to some, “to give a branch”. To avoid confusion, it may be well to use the simple डालना.

[9] I have seen कंबल-चादर used to describe such items. Hence, one might say, for example, कंबल-चादर कंबल से छोटे हैं ।

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