Let’s learn a basic phrase: “What is your age?”
The question is the same when asking it to a man or a woman. (Though you should take care when asking it to a woman, as they might not like it.)
आपकी उम्र कितनी है?
आप (aap) you [formal]
की (kii) [sign of possession] We use की here because the thing that is being possessed “age” उम्र is feminine gender. (There is nothing “feminine” about age itself, but every Hindi noun has a “gender”. A dictionary should be consulted to find the gender, and then it must be memorized.)
आपकी (aapki) – your; Putting आप and की together makes “your”.
उम्र (umr) – age (feminine gender)
कितनी – (kit-nii) – how much – This agrees with उम्र.
है (hai) – is
Literally “How much is your age?”
The reply to the question does differ depending on if you are a man or a woman.
A man would say “I am 20 years old” by saying:
मैं बीस साल का हूँ।
मैं (mein) – I
बीस (biis) – 20
साल (saal) – years
का – (kaa) – of (has to agree with the subject. This is what changes! For a man it is का and for a woman it is की (kii))
हूँ (huun) – am
Literally “I am of 20 years years.”
A woman would say “I am 20 years old” by saying:
मैं बीस साल की हूँ।
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