Grammar Drill: singular & plural of masculine nouns

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In Hindi, there are two types of genders: masculine and feminine.  Depending on what type a noun is there are differences in the way that it is used.  There were some examples of this in our last “grammar drill” episode

Adjective gender agreement – मेरा or मेरी published March 24, 2010.  Today we are going to look at the singular and plural form for masculine nouns.  (In our next Grammar Drill episode, we will look at singular & plural of feminine nouns.)  Remember that there are no consistent rules that will let you determine if a noun is masculine or feminine.  You will need to look up the noun in a dictionary and remember what the gender is. 

There are two types of masculine nouns.  The first type are the masculine nouns that in the singular form end with the आ sound.  For example, कमरा, बेटा,  खिलौना, छाता.  Dr. Snell in his book, Teach Yourself Hindi, calls these Type 1 masculine nouns.  We will refer to them in the same way.  I should stress that not all nouns that end in आ are masculine.  Consider माता which means mother and it is most certainly feminine.    The second type are masculine nouns that do not end in the आ sound.  For example: भाई, पलंग, अख़बार, आम.  These we will call Type 2 Masculine nouns.

How do you form the plural of each of these nouns?  If it is a Type 1 Masculine noun, then drop the आ sound at the end of the noun and replace it with ए.

Room is कमरा 

Rooms is कमरे

Son is बेटा

Sons is बेटे

Toy is खिलौना

Toys is खिलौने

Umbrella is छाता

Umbrellas is छाते

Mouse is चूहा

Mice is चूहे

The rule can work the other way too!  If you see a plural masculine noun ending in ए then you can make it singular by removing the ए sound and replacing with आ.  Here is an example:

अंडे means eggs and it is masculine.  Therefore egg is अंडा

The plural of Type 2 masculine nouns is the same as the singular.  There is no difference.  For example, lion is शेर and lions is also शेर.  How will you tell the difference?  Well, other parts of the sentence will change depending on if it is singular or plural.  

Additional Examples of the Singular and Plural of masculine nouns can be found in the paid subscriber’s area:

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