Grammar Drill – Plural and Singular of Feminine Nouns

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Every noun in Hindi has a gender.  There are masculine nouns and feminine nouns.  And the difference between the two does not follow a pattern or rule that you can use to identify what a masculine noun is or what a feminine noun is.  You will find that a lot of masculine nouns end in आ like लड़का for boy.  And that a lot of feminine nouns end in ई for example लड़की for girl.  But then you will come across those exceptions that keep this from being a useful rule.  माता means mother and it is feminine.  आदमी means man and it is masculine.  The first step before applying the rules in this lesson is to ensure you are looking at a feminine noun.  This can only be determined by looking in a trusted dictionary to find the gender.

You have a feminine singular noun and you want to make it plural.  How do you do this?  There are two types of feminine nouns.  Type 1 are those feminine nouns that end in ई and Type 2 refers to all the other feminine nouns.  Unlike the masculine nouns, both types change!!

Making the plural of Type 1 Feminine Nouns:

Drop the ई and replace with इयाँ 

लड़की –girl becomes लड़कियाँ girls


Making the plural of Type 2 Feminine Nouns:

Add एँ to the end.

माता for mother becomes माताएँ mothers

मेज़ for table becomes मेज़ें for tables.

More examples:

छत (f) roof   छतें (f) roofs

चूड़ी (f) bangle    चूड़ियाँ (f) bangles

चेतावनी (f) warning  चेतावनियाँ (f) warnings)

चोट (f) blow, injury, hurt    चोटें (f) blows, inguries, hurts

चोरी (f) theft    चोरियाँ (f) thefts

छुरी (f) knife   छुरियाँ (f) knives

ज़जीर (f) chain    ज़जीरें (f) chains

जगह (f) place   जगहें (f) places

ज़मीन (f) land  ज़मीनें (f) lands

जाति (f) caste, type,  race   जातियाँ (f) castes, types, races

जाली (f) net   जालियाँ (f) nets

झाड़ी (f) bush, shrub    झाड़ियाँ (f) bushes, shrubs

झील (f) lake  झीलें (f) lakes

टैक्सी (f) taxi    टैक्सियाँ (f) taxies

टोकरी (f) basket   टोकरियाँ (f) baskets

टोपी (f) hat   टोपियाँ (f) hats

तलवार (f) sword   तलवारें (f) swords

तस्वीर (f) picture  तस्वीरें (f) pictures

तहज़ीब (f)  culture  तहज़ीबें (f) cultures

तादाद (f) number    तादादें (f) numbers

त्रुटि (f) error   त्रुटियाँ (f) errors

थाली (f) platter    थालियाँ (f) platters

दुकान (f) shop   दुकानें (f) shops

नदी (f) river   नदियाँ (f) rivers

नाली (f) tube, pipe   नालियाँ (f) tubes, pipes

परत (f) layer    परतें (f) layers

पुस्तक (f) book  पुस्तकें (f) books

पूरी (f) poori  पूरियाँ (f) poories

बत्ती (f) light  बत्तियाँ (f) lights

बाँसुरी (f) flute  बाँसुरियाँ (f) flutes

बात (f) idea, matter   बातें (f) ideas, matters

बातचीत (f) conversation   बातचीतें (f) conversations

बिल्ली (f) cat    बिल्लियाँ (f) cats


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You can listen to each word one at a time.  Try listening to the singular version, think about what the plural would be, then click on the plural version to see if you are right.  Also, try it the other way around.  After hearing the plural version, can you figure out what the singular would be?  This also gives you practice associating the sounds to the letters.

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