Every noun in Hindi has a gender. There are masculine nouns and feminine nouns. And the difference between the two does not follow a pattern or rule that you can use to identify what a masculine noun is or what a feminine noun is. You will find that a lot of masculine nouns end in आ like लड़का for boy. And that a lot of feminine nouns end in ई for example लड़की for girl. But then you will come across those exceptions that keep this from being a useful rule. माता means mother and it is feminine. आदमी means man and it is masculine. The first step before applying the rules in this lesson is to ensure you are looking at a feminine noun. This can only be determined by looking in a trusted dictionary to find the gender.
You have a feminine singular noun and you want to make it plural. How do you do this? There are two types of feminine nouns. Type 1 are those feminine nouns that end in ई and Type 2 refers to all the other feminine nouns. Unlike the masculine nouns, both types change!!
Making the plural of Type 1 Feminine Nouns:
Drop the ई and replace with इयाँ
लड़की –girl becomes लड़कियाँ girls
Making the plural of Type 2 Feminine Nouns:
Add एँ to the end.
माता for mother becomes माताएँ mothers
मेज़ for table becomes मेज़ें for tables.
छत (f) roof छतें (f) roofs
चूड़ी (f) bangle चूड़ियाँ (f) bangles
चेतावनी (f) warning चेतावनियाँ (f) warnings)
चोट (f) blow, injury, hurt चोटें (f) blows, inguries, hurts
चोरी (f) theft चोरियाँ (f) thefts
छुरी (f) knife छुरियाँ (f) knives
ज़जीर (f) chain ज़जीरें (f) chains
जगह (f) place जगहें (f) places
ज़मीन (f) land ज़मीनें (f) lands
जाति (f) caste, type, race जातियाँ (f) castes, types, races
जाली (f) net जालियाँ (f) nets
झाड़ी (f) bush, shrub झाड़ियाँ (f) bushes, shrubs
झील (f) lake झीलें (f) lakes
टैक्सी (f) taxi टैक्सियाँ (f) taxies
टोकरी (f) basket टोकरियाँ (f) baskets
टोपी (f) hat टोपियाँ (f) hats
तलवार (f) sword तलवारें (f) swords
तस्वीर (f) picture तस्वीरें (f) pictures
तहज़ीब (f) culture तहज़ीबें (f) cultures
तादाद (f) number तादादें (f) numbers
त्रुटि (f) error त्रुटियाँ (f) errors
थाली (f) platter थालियाँ (f) platters
दुकान (f) shop दुकानें (f) shops
नदी (f) river नदियाँ (f) rivers
नाली (f) tube, pipe नालियाँ (f) tubes, pipes
परत (f) layer परतें (f) layers
पुस्तक (f) book पुस्तकें (f) books
पूरी (f) poori पूरियाँ (f) poories
बत्ती (f) light बत्तियाँ (f) lights
बाँसुरी (f) flute बाँसुरियाँ (f) flutes
बात (f) idea, matter बातें (f) ideas, matters
बातचीत (f) conversation बातचीतें (f) conversations
बिल्ली (f) cat बिल्लियाँ (f) cats
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You can listen to each word one at a time. Try listening to the singular version, think about what the plural would be, then click on the plural version to see if you are right. Also, try it the other way around. After hearing the plural version, can you figure out what the singular would be? This also gives you practice associating the sounds to the letters.
Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi