{ Suresh 4}: Basic phrases

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हिंदी  पाठ संख्या चार = ४      (Hindi paath sankhya chaar  4)  Hindi Lesson No. 4 बुनियादी  वाक्यांश(Buniyadee Vaakyaansh) Basic Phrases Vol.IV

Devanagari

Transliteration

translation


1.     कॉलेज का क्या समय  है ?|

( College ka kya samay hai.? )

What is  the college timing ?


2.     कॉलेज ९( नौ )बजे सुबह से ४(चार) बजे शाम तक चलती है  |

( College nau baje se cchar bajey tak chalti hai.) .

.College fuctions between nine(9) AM to four (4 )PM

 

 

3    आप भोजन के लिए क्या करतें हैं   ?

(  Aap bhojan key liye kya kartey hain. ? )

What do you do for food?


4.   वहां जलपान कक्ष की सुविधा है  |

( Vahawn jalpaan kaksh kee suvidha hai.)

There is a canteen facility.


5.   क्या आप चाय पीते हैं   ?|

( kya aap chaay peetey hai. ? )

Do you drink Tea?


6.   मैं काफी  पसंद करता हूँ    |

(   Main Coffee pasand karta hun.  )

I like Coffee.


7.  क्या  आप तुरंत काफी पीना चाहेंगे ?

( Kya aap turat cofffee peeena chahenge?. )

Would you like to drink coffee immediately?.


8.   नहीं, धन्यवाद  |

( nahin ,dhanyawaad  )

no. ,  thanks.


words with pronunciation and translation

  • समय – samay = time Samay Balwan hota Hai(Time is powerful). Balwan also means shaktishaali(powerful) or taakatwar(strong or powerful). Haathi balwan hota hai.(Elephant is strong) . For  she -elephant(feminine ), you would call हथिनी   Hathini.
  • भोजन – bhojan = food or खाना or आहार. Bhojan taiyar hai. The food is ready.

मैं खान खा चुका हूँ । ( Main khana khaa chukka huun. )  I have alredy taken food.

  • पीना – Peena = to drink – Main paani piyunga( I shall drink water).
  • Bacchey  doodh peetey hain.(The children drink milk). Children being plural .thus” Hain “has come)
  • तुरंत = Turant – immediately or तत्काल (tatkaal) or शीघ्र (sheeghra)
  • चिकित्सक को तुरंत बुलाओ | Chikitsak ko turant bulaao. Call in the doctor immediately. Chikitsak mean Doctor in Hindi. Vaidhya is another word for Doctor .Especially , earlier times when local/herbal medicines were used mainly in villages, Vaidhya was mostly used.
  • धन्यवाद – dhanyawaad- thanks

Some more points/info:

समय (Samay) -time  is also called वक़्त( Vakt) KINDLY note some words in Hindi are from Urdu as well . वक्त  बीत  गया | Vakt beet gaya (time is over)*. .

गयाGaya is also a name of tourist place in India which is located in Bihar province, eastern part of India.( It has a place known as Bodh Gaya which is 20 KMs from Gaya). Here the lord Buddha(a Religion) attained knowledge( gyan – ज्ञान) under a tree. At Bodhgaya, a huge congregation of Buddhist monks take place time to time. The Great Emperor Ashoka spread Budhhism all over the world especially in Asia( India, Srilanka,China,Singapore etc.). He fought a great Kalinga war where millions of people were killed. He could not see bloodshed any more. Thus, he took the path of Ahimsa अहिंसा -(non-violence) later.

Another example for Ahimsa is : Mahatma Gandhi(Father of Nation ) who fought his battle of independence(freedom struggle) for India(also spread in Africa) through AHIMSA(Non-violence).

Some other drinks(Peya in Hindi ) are:

शरबत : sharbat(juice or squash ). Aam ka sharbat swadisht (स्वादिष्ट) hota hai. The mango juice is delicious or tasty.

लस्सी -Lassi(made up of curd)- पंजाब की लस्सी विश्व  विख्यात  है | Punjab ki lassi vishwa vikhyat hai. Punjb’s lassi is world famous.

छाछ =Chaach(butter milk)- छाछ पीओ Chhachh Piyo. Drink butter milk .  Butter means: मक्खन

दूध Doodh(Milk)- गाय का दूध  सेहत   या  स्वास्थ्य के लिए अच्छा होता  है |Gay(cow) ka doodh sehat ke liye accha hota hai.The cow milk is good for health.

Gaay ka doodh oobalkar piyen taki saare kitanu mar jayen (Drink the cow milk after boiling so that all the germs/bacteria get killed ).

Gaay(cow) is also called Gayya or gau in rustic form.(village level) in India. The cow has got the respect of mother in India. I have personally seen that in Nasik (Mahrashtra province of India)Pinjrapoke, the barren cows, abandoned ones are reared very well there and treated. The free milk distribution system is in vogue there or milk is sold at nominal rates. Believe me that the cows are given names like Saraswati,(Name of the Indian Goddess) Lakshmi, Kalyani etc. . They respond well when you call asking Saraswai etc. They are graceful. They are awarded prizes for their beauty, performance etc after a competition is organized every year.


 

-दूध से मक्खन बनता है |

(Doodh sey makhan banta hai.)

Butter is made up of milk.


-मक्खन से  घी  तैयार की जाती  है |

(Makkhan se ghee taiyaar kee jaatee hai.)

Clarified butter is prepared out of butter.

 

-बच्चों  के  मानसिक  एवं  शारीरिक   विकास  के  लिए  दाल  और  घी  दी  जाती  है  |

( Bacchon ke mansik evam sharireek vikas ke liye Daal aur ghee dee jaati hai )

The lentils(pulses) and ghee are given for the mental and physical growth of the children.

 

 

भैंस  काला  होता  है  |

(Bhains kaala hota hai.)

The buffalo is black.                       Bhains(Buffalo- male/masculine.).in होता  Hota- ता ta) is masculine

Bhainsee(Buffalo- i.e she/feminine). Bhainsee kaali hoti hain. ( in होती Hoti – ती ti)

 

काला (Kala )means black which is a colour(Rung in Hindi). काली(black) is a feminine colour .

 

भैंस काले होते हैं|( bhaise kaley hote hain.- Plural). Ta, converts into Te. Buffaloes are black.

Like, vah jaata hai.=- He goes. (singular) . Ve jaatey hain.= They go . (plural) Hai changes to Hain. As stated earlier one . (dot) is added in Hai ( है )to make Hain.( हैं)

 

 

सांड Saand(Bull). यह सांड  तगड़ा  है |)Yah saand tagda hai. )   This bull is  sturdy or strong.

स्पेन  सांड  की  लडाई   के  लिए  प्रख्यात  है| . (Spain sannd ki ladayee  ke liye prakhyat hai.)

Spain is famous for bull fighting.


 

दूध (doodh)Milk is also called dugdh (दुग्ध ) in Hindi.

 

शराब  Sharaab(wine) or दारू daroo(mostly used for local spirit -villagers)

भारतीय अधिकतर  चाय लेते हैं | (Bhaarteey adhiktar chaay letey hain. ) Indians mostly take Tea(Chaay).

In South India(especially Tamilnadu, coffee) is popular.

= दार्जलिंग  चाय  की  खेती  के  लिए  विख्यात  है | (Darjling chay ki kheti ke liye vikhyat hai.) Darjling is famous for farming of tea plants .

 

Similarly Coorg and Coonoor(near Ooty) in South India for Coffee and tea as well.

= मुझे  फिल्टर  काफी  सुबह  लेना  पसंद  है|( Mujhe filter coffee subah lena pasand hai. ) I like to take filter coffee in the morning.

=नीबू   की  चाय  भी  मुझे  पसंद  है | Neembu(lemon) ki chaay bhi mujhe pasand hai.  I also like lemon tea.

=मुझे  इलायची  की  चाय  भी  बहुत  पसंद  है | (Mujhe ilaychi(इलायची ) i.e .cardamom ki chaay bhee bahut pasand hai.)  I also like Cardamom tea very much.

SUGGESTIONS:

Similarly, please write a few sentences in Hindi on food with meaning and share with me.

I solicit your comments. In case you wish that I discuss about a particular topic, please do write.

Thank you.- DHANYWAD.

Suresh

A Hindi tutor and translator

Sskay56@gmail.com

Cell: 91 9840643690

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मेरा नाम सुरेश है | सन १९५५ में मेरा जन्म केरल प्रांत में हुआ | मैने पैंतीस वर्ष बिहार/ झारखंड राज्य में व्यतीत किया | मेरी मातृभाषा तमिल है | मैने स्नातक (वाणिज्य) तक हिन्दी माध्यम से अध्ययन किया | हिंदी के प्रति मेरी अभिरुचि बचपन से ही रही है । मैने भारत और विदेश में 29 + वर्षों तक एक अमेरिकी गैर सरकारी संगठन की सेवा की | मैं , वास्तव में , एक रसद / -आपूर्ति श्रृंखला प्रबंधन (एससीएम ) एवं आपदा प्रबंधन (शिविर) विशेषज्ञ हूँ| मैने पाठकों के हेतु ६६ महीनों के दौरान नौ सौ अड़तालीस ( ९४८ ) हिंदी पाठ यहाँ (www.Ispeakhindi.com) समर्पित किया है | | आपके मुझपर विश्वास, निरंतर सहयोग , पाठों पर टिप्पणियां, मूल्यांकन; ९४ % (वास्तव में पांच वर्षों से लगातार ) हेतु मैं अत्यंत आभारी हूँ | व्यक्तिगत/खराब स्वास्थ्य के कारण मैने हिंदी सिखाना मार्च २०१५ से छोड़ दिया है । दिसंबर २०१५ से मेरे द्वारा और कोई हिंदी पाठ नहीं समर्पित किये जाएंगे | शुभकामनाओं के साथ, धन्यवाद , सुरेश भारत नवंबर ३० , २०१५ I am Suresh. I was born in the province of Kerala in 1955. I spent 35 years in the state of Bihar/Jharkhand. My mother tongue is Tamil. I studied in Hindi medium till graduation (commerce). My inclination towards Hindi has been right from my childhood. I served a US NGO for 29 years in India and abroad. I am , in-fact, a logistics/Supply Chain Management (SCM) and disaster management( camp) expert. I have submitted nine hundred and forty-eight(948) lessons in Hindi here (www.Ispeakhindi.com) for readers during 66 months. I am extremely grateful to you all for having reposed your faith in me and continuous support, comments and evaluations ( so far 94% rating achieved which has been consistent for the five year) of the lessons. Due to personal/poor health reasons, I have stopped taking Hindi tuition effective March 2015. Effective December 2015 no more Hindi lessons of mine will be published in this site. With best wishes, Thank you. Suresh November 30, 2015 email id: sskay56@gmail.com