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The first person pronoun, I, is very useful in English. I am Nathan. I am American. I was at the office. I study Hindi everyday. These are just some of the examples of English sentences that use the word I. Let us hear what it is in Hindi.
Let us see a number of sentences that use this word. You can of course use it to introduce yourself.
मैं नैथिन हूँ।
I am Meena.
मैं मीना हूँ।
I am Naraindas.
मैं नारायनदास हूँ।
I am Sonia.
मैं सोनिया हूँ।
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Here are some other examples.
I am at home.
मैं घर पर हूँ।
I am not at home.
मैं घर पर नहीं हूँ।
The past tense changes depending on the gender of the subject. Here is an example.
I was at the shop. (spoken by a man)
मैं दुकान पर था।
I was at the shop. (spoken by a woman)
मैं दुकान पर थी।
I was tired. (spoken by a man)
मैं थका था।
I was tired. (spoken by a woman)
मैं थकी थी।
I was sick. (spoken by a man)
मैं बीमार था।
I was sick. (spoken by a woman)
मैं बीमार थी।
In the present tense, you do not see any difference in the sentences. Here are similar examples to the above.
I am at the shop.
मैं दुकान पर हूँ।
I am sick.
मैं बीमार हूँ।
While the first person verb for ‘AM’ might not change in the present tense, you still see a difference in adjectives that end in “aa”.
I am tired. (spoken by a man)
मैं थका हूँ।
I am tired. (spoken by a woman)
मैं थकी हूँ।
There is another note to make about the past tense. When using transitive verbs, the object of the sentence becomes the subject of the verb and the person doing the action is designated with the postposition “ne”. The postposition should cause you to use the oblique case of the pronoun, but with mein there is no change. Here are some examples of transitive verbs in the past tense.
I drank tea.
मैं ने चाय पी।
I ate food.
मैं ने खाना खाया।
Now let us look at some examples in the future tense.
I will drink water. (spoken by a man)
मैं पानी पीऊँगा।
I will drink water. (spoken by a woman)
मैं पानी पीऊँगी।
I will speak. (spoken by a man)
I will speak. (spoken by a woman)
In this lesson we looked at the word for “I” and saw it in a variety of contexts. Try creating some of your own sentences and post them in the comments sections. Try searching on the Internet for examples of using the word for “I”. Try using some of these examples in a conversation today with a Hindi speaking friend. Check back tomorrow for another word of the day episode.
Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
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