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On Thursday’s podcast, we challenged everyone to point out six irregular verbs which do not follow the normal grammar rules. We got response from Ajay, with several examples. (Good job!!):
One of these verbs is देना and here is its irregularity in the simple past tense and imperative forms.
मुझे पानी दो / दीजीये । (not देओ / देइये ) IMPERATIVE
मैंने उसे मिठाई दी। (not देयी) SIMPLE PAST FEMININE SINGULAR
आपने मुझे फल दिया। (not देया) SIMPLE PAST MASCULINE SINGULAR
The other 5 are:
जाना (to go)
होना (to occur/ to become)
करना (to do)
पीना (to drink)
लेना (to take)
We will talk more about these later, until then you still have a chance to come by the website and leave a comment explaining why these are irregular.
One thing I should point out is that पानी the word for water is masculine. You would say मेरा पानी to say “my water”. There is another word for water. Do you know what it is? Come by the website and leave it as a comment. Also, while you are there, give this podcast a 1 to 5 star rating so we know how we are doing.
I got an email from Mitta about the lesson Short Sentences (Suresh – lesson 25) saying:
I thought imperative had an o on the end
ab ghar chalo
Sharbat piio (peeo)
There are three versions of “you”: आप, तुम, and तू. आप is the most formal. And you create requests to these type of people by adding –इये. For example, “[you formal] eat food” खाइयए. The informal तुम version of you has requests created by adding ओ to the verb stem, as you point out. “You [informal] eat.” is तुम खाओ. There is even a more blunt, and informal way of saying this command तू खा. Where it is just the verb stem by itself.
George Stone Interview
One of our listeners has started a “learn Hindi blog” of his own where he has been documenting the Hindi he has been learning. I got a chance to interview him this past week to learn more about his project. You can see his site at http://learninghindi.tumblr.com/.
In the interview we mention Rupert Snell’s materials. If you are interested in learning more, check out these episodes:
Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi