distance, pain, and late

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delhi-road At the end of the last lesson on Moral Compulsion, you were challenged to translate three sentences.  I hope you were able to do it.  If not, then review the three episodes on the compulsion sentences that we covered:   Internal Compulsion, External Compulsion, and Moral Compulsion.  (These are also covered in the Namaste Jii textbook on pages 242-249)

Suresh Kumar sent me the answers and some other information that you will find useful:

1)  You should eat vegetables.

तुम्हें  सब्जियां खानी  चाहिएं |

(Tumhein sabjiyan khaanree chahiye.)

 

2) He should take his medicine.

उसे अपनी दवा लेनी चाहिए |

(usey apnee dawa lene chahiye.)

 

3) Sunil should study for school.

सुनील को विद्यालय  के लिए अध्ययन करना चाहिए|

(Sunil ko vidhyalay ke liye adhyayan karna chahiey.)

 

तरकारियाँ (Tarkariyan)   also means vegetables

पाठशाला (Paathshaala)  also means  school.

 

Now some sentences

तुम्हें तुम्हारी माँ को बुलाना चाहिए – You should call your mother

आपको  अपनी माँ को बुलाना चाहिए | You should call your mother.

तुम्हें  तुम्हारी  माँ को पुकारना चाहिए|.- You should call your mother.

आपको अपनी माँ को पुकारना चाहिए| You should call your mother.

 

For telephone or phone =  दूरभाष (doorbhaash) word in Hindi which is appropriate. तुम्हें अपनी माँ से दूरभाष पर बात करनी चाहिए. You should speak to your mother over phone.

Today, I want to go over three words that I keep getting confused.  Perhaps you do too.  All three of these words are monosyllables and they have द and र in them.  To me they sound very much a like, and I have to really concentrate to keep them separate.

 

far – दूर

pain – दर्द

late – देर

 

Here are three example sentences using the word दूर which means far.

My house is very far.

मेरा घर बहुत दूर है।

 

How far is the shop?

दुकान कितनी दूर है?

 

He has come from a far.

वह दूर से आया।

 

Here are three examples using the word दर्द which means pain.

Do you have a headache?  (literally:  Is there pain in your head?)

क्या आपके सिर में दर्द है?

 

There is pain in my stomach.

मेरे पेट में दर्द है।

 

Where do you hurt?

तुम्हें कहाँ दर्द है? 

 

Finally, three sentences using देर which means late.

I came late.

A man would say: मैं देर से आया।

A woman would say: मैं देर से आयी।

 

Please do not come late.

देर से नहीं आइये।

 

I will eat late.

A man would say: मैं देर से खाऊँगा।

A woman would say:  मैं देर से खाऊँगी।

 

 

Now these three words are a little clearer in my mind.  What are some words that you get confused about?  Add them as a comment to this lesson and we can include them in the future.  Please come by the website and rate this lesson.

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Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.