Answer to questions from “to play”, “request and commands”, and “I like/want” lessons

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Three episodes last week left you with some translation challenges.  Here we will go over the answer to them.  One thing I would like to note before we get started is that मुझे is another way to say मुझको.  You can use either one in the examples below.

(khel-naa) – to play

I swim everyday.

Man would say:  मैं रोज़ तैरता हूँ।

Woman would say:  मैं रोज़ तैरती हूँ।

 

I run a mile every morning.

Man: मैं एक मील हर सुबह दौड़ता हूँ।

Woman: मैं एक मील हर सुबह दौड़ती हूँ।

 

Do you swim at the school?

Asking a man: क्या आप स्कूल में तैरते हैं?

Asking a woman: क्या आप स्कूल में तैरती हैं?

 

Do you run in the park?

Asking a man: क्या आप पार्क में दौड़ते हैं?

Asking a woman: क्या आप पार्क में दौड़ती हैं?

 

Did you run this morning?

Asking a man: क्या आप आज सुबह दौड़े?

Asking a woman: क्या आप आज सुबह दौड़ी?

 

He must run three times a week.  (because his coach makes him)

उसको हफ्ते में  तीन बार दौड़ना पड़ता है।

(Moral Compulsion – I have to … (because of my obligations))

 

I will swim this weekend.

man:  मैं इस सप्ताहांत तैरूँगा।

woman: मैं  इस सप्ताहांत तैरूँगी।

 

Requests and Commands – Eat! Please eat.

Now try creating the command and request forms using the following verbs:

तैरना – to swim

तैरो – Swim!

तैरिये – Please swim.  (can also be written:  तैरिए)

 

दौड़ना – to run

दौ़ड़ो – Run! 

दौड़िये – Please run.  (can also be written:  दौड़िए)

You will also find these useful:

मत दौड़ो – Don’t Run!

मत दौड़िये – Please don’t run.

 

बजाना – to play (a musical instrument)

बजाओ – Play [music]!

बजाइये – Please play [music].  (can also be written:  बजाइए)

 

आना – to come

आओ – Come!

आइये – Please come.  (can also be written: आइए)

 

काम करना – to work  (to do work… this is the same करना that is an exception to the rule).

काम करो – Work!

काम कीजिये – Please work.  (can also be written: काम कीजिए)

 

I like… I want…

 

Try translating these sentences:

1) मुझको एक हिंदी की किताब चाहिये।

I want one Hindi book.

 

2) क्या आपको पानी चाहिये?

Do you want water?

 

3) राम को वह मेज़ पसंद है।

Ram likes that table.

 

4) उसको कौन सी गाड़ी पसंद है?

Which car does he likes?

 

5) Do you like mango?

क्या आपको आम पसंद है?

 

6) I like grape.

मुझे अँगूर पसंद है।

 

7) I do not like watermelon.

मुझे तरबूज़ पसंद नहीं है।

 

8) She wants a car.

उसको गाड़ी चाहिये।

If you have any questions or comments, please post them in the comment section of this post on the website.  Also, try to get in the habit of mastering 4 words a day.  If you master 4 words a day, you will know between 1000-2000 words within a year.  Developing a vocabulary in this range will be key to understanding and speaking Hindi.  And it all begins here.

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Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.