LESSON 39: One word that replaces many

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LESSON 39: One word that replaces many
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कई शब्दों के जगह (बदले)में एक हिंदी शब्द
(Kai shabdon ke jagah (badle) mein ek Hindi shabd.)
It means one word in place of (in lieu of) several words in Hindi.
Please note that several Hindi words in a sentence which can be substituted with one Hindi word.

. देवनागरी (Devanagari) Transliteration Translation in English
जो पढ़ा -लिखा ( literate) न (no) हो – अनपढ़
(jo padha-liha na ho = Anpadh)
The person who is not a literate. – illiterate
जो कभी न मरे (die) – अमर
(jo kabhi n mare = amar)
Who will never die – immortal
दूर( far) की सोचनेवाला ( thinker) – दूरदर्शी
(door ki shochney waala = doordarshee)
who thinks far ahead- farsightedness.
जिसका कोई संतान ( progeny) न हो – निसंतान
(jiska koi santaan na hao = nisantaan)
Who does not have a child – childless
जिसमे धैर्य न हो – अधीर
(jismey dhairya nahin ho = adheer)
Who does not have perseverance (known as धीरज dheeraj) or patience
जिसके समान दूसरा न हो – अनुपम
(jiskey samaan doosra na ho. = anupam)
There is no one to match him – matchless or incomparable
जिस पर विश्वास न किया जा सके – अविश्वनीय
(jis par vishwaas na kiya jaa sakey = avishwasneeya)
Who can not be trusted or relied upon – unfaithful.
अपने देश से दुसरे देश में सामान जाना – निर्यात
(apney desh se doosrey desh mein saamaan jaana = niryaat)
When articles/items are dispatched from own country to other country- export.
दुसरे देश से अपने देश में सामान (articles/items)आना – आयात
(doosrey desh se apney desh me saamaan aana = aayaat)
When articles/items comes or are received from another country to own country. –Import
अपनी ( self) हत्या (murder) स्वयं करना – आत्महत्या
(apni hatya swayang karna – aatmahatya)
To kill self on his/her own – suicide
जिस भूमि( earth/land) पर कुछ न उग सके – ऊसर
(jis bhoomi par kuch na oog sakey. = oosar)
The land in which nothing can be produced – barren also known as बंजर (banjar )
शीघ्र( soon) नष्ट ( destroy) होने वाला – क्षणभंगुर
(sheeghra nasht honay waala – kshanbhangur)
which will destroy soon – perishable (instantaneously. Nasht also means vinaash in Hindi)
जो उच्च (aristocrat) कुल (family) में उत्पन्न ( born) हुआ हो – कुलीन
(jo ucch kul mein utpann(Paida) hua ho.= kuleen)
Who has taken birth in aristocrat family – aristocratic
जो सब जगह बदनाम ( bad name) हो कुख्यात
(jo sab jahah badnaam ho. = kukhyaat)
Who has got bad names everywhere – notorious
जनता ( public) में प्रचलित सुनी -सुनाई बात – किंवदंती
(janata mein prachlit suni-sunai baat – kivandanti)
The matter/talk popular among people, heard of – hearsay
जिसमे सहन ( bear) शक्ति (strength) हो – सहिष्णु
(jismey sahan kee shakti ho – sahishnu)
Who has power/stamina to bear- bearable.
जिसमे रस ( juice) न (no) हो – नीरस
(jismein ras na ho – neeras)
Which does not have juice- juice-less
जो कम (less) बोलता (talkative) हो –मितभाषी
(jo kam bolta ho – mitbhaashi)
who talks less – introvert
जिसकी वाणी मधुर हो – मृदुभाषी
(jiski vaani madhur ho – mridhubhaashi)
Who speaks sweet
जिसका पति ( husband) मर गया हो विधवा
(jiska pati mar gaya ho –vidhwa)
Whose husband is dead: widow
जिसकी पत्नी (wife) मर गयी हो विधुर
(jiski patnee mar gayee ho – vidhur)
whose wife is dead-widower
पति-पत्नी ( couple i.e husband-wife) का जोड़ा (pair) – दम्पति
(pati-Patnee ka joda – dampati)
Pair of husband and wife – couple
भलाई(welfare) चाहने वाला – हितैषी
(bhalaai chahney waala – hitaishee)
Who wants welfare of others
दिल ( heart0 से होने वाला – हार्दिक
(dil se honay waala – hardik)
which is from heart =hearty
जो सब जगह व्याप्त (present) हो –सर्वव्यापक
(jo sam jagah byaapt ho- sarvabyaapak)
Who is available omnipresent
जो सबसे शक्तिशाली (powerful) है –सर्वशक्तिमान
(jo sabsay shaktishaali hai- sarvshaktimaan)
Who is most powerful
जिसमे दया न हो – निर्दयी
(jismein daya n hao = nirdayee)
Who does not have kindness -cruel
जो देखने योग्य हो – दर्शनीय
(jo daikhnay yogya hai – darshneeya)
Which is worth seeing
जो अधिक बोलता हो – वाचाल
(jo adheek bota ho = vaachaal)
Who speaks too much – talkative
जो दिखाई न दे – अदृश्य
(jo dikhaee na dey – adrishya)
which can not be seen- Invisible.
दूसरों की बातों में दखल देना – हस्तक्षेप
(doosron kee baton mein dakhal dena = hastkshep)
Who interferes in others matter.
जानने ( know) की इच्छा( wish) रखने वाला – जिज्ञासु
(jaananey kee icchha rakhney wala. jigyasu)
Who wishes to know – thirst for knowledge
सप्ताह ( week) में एक-बार ( once) होने वाला – साप्ताहिक
(saptaah mein ek baar honay wala – saaptaahik)
Which occurs once in a week – weekly
महीने ( month) में एक बार होने वाला – मासिक
(mahinay mein ek baar honay waala – masik)
Which occurs once in a month – monthly
दिन (day) में एक बार होने वाला- दैनिक
(din mein ek baar honay wala – dainik)
Which occurs daily
वर्ष में एक बार होने वाला – वार्षिक
(varsh mein ek baar honay waala – vaarshik)
Which occurs once in a year – annually
तीन महीने में एक बार होने वाला – त्रैमासिक
(teen mahiney mein ek baar honay waala – traiymaasik)
Which occurs once in three months.
छै महीने ( six months or bi-annually) में एक बार होने वाला – छैमासिक
(chhaiy mahineey mein ek baar honay waala = chhaiymaasik)
Which occurs once in six months
जो मांस ( meat) खाता (eater) हो – मांसाहारी
(maans khaanay wala – maansaahaaree)
Who eats meat non-vegetarian
जो साग- सब्जी ( greens-vegetables) खाता हो – शाकाहारी
(jo saag-sabjee khaata ho – shaakaahaaree)
Who eats green vegetabales – vegetarian
हमेशा (always) सत्य ( truth) बोलने वाला – सत्यवादी
(hamesha satya bolnay waala. – satyawaadi)
Who speaks always truth.
जिसके आने ( in coming) की तिथि (date) न हो – अतिथि
(jiskey aanay kee tithee na ho – atithee)
The person coming does not have a fixed date to come : Guest.
जिसे जीता ( win) न जा सके – अजेय
(jisey jeeta na jaa sakay- ajaiy )
Who cannot be defeated-invincible (unconquerable)
Homework: Write one Hindi word for the following and leave it as comment to this lesson.
– Who is famous everywhere?
– Who is a good son to his parents?
– Who is a bad son to his parents?
– Who is greedy?
– Who predicts?
– Who is dedicated to mother?
Task: You may write similar five one Hindi words and explain what do they mean? Leave this as a comment to the lesson.
S.Suresh Kumar
Hindi tutor and translator
Sskay56@gmail.com
91 9840643690

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