Learn Hindi Daily Show

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A new change is coming to ISpeakHindi.com.  In the past, we had published a daily episode which could be a lesson, interview, cultural notes, or something else.  Starting May 1st, 2011, we will have a daily learn Hindi show that will be meant to motivate you to continue learning Hindi.  We will answer your questions, have questions that we will give you and then provide the answer in future episodes, and attempt to keep people going at every level of Hindi learning.  If you are just coming to Hindi we will have some introductory material, if you have been studying Hindi for a while then we will have some more advance materials for you.

In addition to this, we are going to start putting together some formal lessons that are meant to be listened to in order.  This is going to be separate from our daily learn Hindi show.  Some of these lessons will be featured as part of the daily program, but we will have distinct “lessons” and distinct ‘shows’.

If you have a question, comment, or observation related to Hindi, learning Hindi, using Hindi, etc. then be sure and write in so that we can include it.  If you know of a great new website, Hindi program, book, or something else that you think other people learning Hindi would be interested in, then let me know.  If you would be interested in being on the show, then let me know and we can setup an interview.

You can get in touch with us in many ways.  First, leave comments on the site, we will respond to those.  You can also email me personally at nathan@ISpeakHindi.com.  You can also get us through twitter by putting @ISpeakHindi in your twitter comment.

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Hindi Learn News:

Some of our listeners use Quizzlet to create vocabulary quizzes and tests.  You can see a lot of them in the ISpeakHindi group: http://quizlet.com/5181975/current-vocab-ispeakhindicom-flash-cards/

A. Sean Pue, Ph.D. at Michigan State University has published a website with Hindi_urdu blended Teaching resources.  Here is his announcement:

I am pleased to announce the release of a new website
(http://hindiurdu.net) that hosts Hindi-Urdu Blended Teaching
Resources.  (“Blended” in this context means partly online, not
pureed.) These include over twenty proficiency-oriented videos aimed
at various language levels that were filmed at and around Michigan
State University in summer 2010. These have captions, as well as tags
for level, using ACTFL, ILR, and the more common “basic, intermediate,
advanced” scale.  There is also an online devanagari writing guide,
which will redraw handwriting samples and allow students to trace and
write using their mouse, stylus, or finger on a tablet device. Efforts
have been to make these resources function on older computers as well
as latest mobile devices, so they will also work on the iPad and
iPhone by using HTML5, the newly emerging web standard.  This website
was supported by a pedagogical materials grant from the South Asia
Language Resource Center  for which I was the principal investigator
along with Vishwajeet Singh (now at the University of Oregon). We
welcome comments, corrections, and suggestions through the online
contact form, and I have a research assistant who can make any
changes.  Thanks!

A. Sean Pue, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Hindi Language and South Asian Literature and Culture
Department of Linguistics and Germanic, Slavic, Asian and African Languages
Michigan State University

Also, I want to encourage you to visit George Stone’s Learning Hindi blog.  He has been making continuous improvements to his learning blog, and there is some great content there.

 

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Hindi Sound and Symbol of the day.  Most days we do this show, we will review a Hindi sound and symbol.  This could range from a single letter to a complex set of letter.   Today’s symbol is ना (naa)  This is न with the matra आ.
Wiki page on न
Learning the Hindi Letters – Lesson 16–Consonants द, ध and न
Pronunciation of Short and Long Vowel a & aa

This sound occurs in the word “नाम” (naam) which means “name”.  It also occurs at the end of every verb in dictionary form.  Here are some examples:

खाना  (khaa-naa) – to eat

लाना  (laa-naa) – to bring

पढ़ना – (pard-naa) – to read/to study

सीखना – (siikh-naa) – to learn

सकना – (sak-naa) – to be able to (can)

लिखना – (likh-naa) – to write

करना – (kar-naa) – to do

चाहना (chaah-naa) – to want

See how “ना” appears at the end of each of these words.  If you do not already know all the letters, then try learning न and आ in both its independent form and its matra form (straight line after the character).

This is a good lead in to one of our listener’s questions.  Fatima wrote in this comment:

hello.. namaste..
i’m really eager to learn more and more about hindi.. but i have some
problems.. just some difficult words to me.. they are
चाहते / चाहती  …. लोगों/लोग …. भाषाऐं ….. होता ….. रहे / रही ….
विद्यार्थिनी ….कीजिए …. कीजिए …. मैंने  and मिलनेवाले / मिलनेवाली

Today I want to only look at the the questions about चाहते and चाहती.  The rest of them we will talk about in future episodes.  Also, I want to challenge some of the more advance Hindi learners to try to put an explanation about the other words.  You can leave them as a comment to this post or you can email them to me at nathan@ISpeakHindi.com.  Some of them may be featured on future episodes of the Learn Hindi Daily Show.

चाहना means “to want”.  It is used with another verb.   Let’s start with an example:

I want to learn Hindi.

This can be translated one of two ways:

मैं हिंदी सीखना चाहता हूँ।

मैं हिंदी सीखना चाहती हूँ।

What is the difference?  Well, if the verb agrees with a masculine singular subject than you use चाहता.  If the verb is agreeing with a feminine subject than it is चाहती.   There are three endings that you must know:  ता ते ती.  The first two are used with masculine (singular/plural), the last one is for feminine subjects.

These are used with any verb.  Drop the ना and add ता, ते, or ती.

Another example:

Do you want to learn Hindi?

क्या आप हिंदी सीखना चाहते हैं?

क्या आप हिंदी सीखना चाहती हैं?

The first one is used to ask a man.  Why are we using ते instead of ता?  Is it because we are addressing a group of men?  No, the reason is that आप is grammatically plural.  Therefore we use the plural form.

The verb that describes the action that you want to do is left in the dictionary form with the ना ending.

चाहना should only be used to describe actions that you want to do.  If you want something, then use  चाहिये (also written as चाहिए).

We have a number of lessons that you can look at for further information.

The Use of चाहिए (Chahiye)

 

Using examples using चाहना
LESSON 42: WHAT DO YOU WANT TO DO/Do/don’t do/do not like etc.Use of Chah
I want to

 

A review of the ता, ते, ती endings used in the habitual present tense:
Present Tense – Part 2
examples:
Suresh: Lesson 74 – Useful Sentences in Hindi
खेलना (khel-naa) – to play
Present tense sentence exercises – I eat fish.
Present tense sentences in Hindi in conversation form. (Suresh – Lesson 13)
Present Perfect Tense

 

If you have a comment or something else that would be of interest to the Hindi learning community, then please leave it as a comment or email me at nathan@ISpeakHindi.com.

 

Have a question about Hindi? Click here to ask it

Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi
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About Nathan

Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.