Learn Hindi Daily: नहाना; एँ; future tense; he said that; Clever Bird

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Mystery Word From The Last Episode

In our previous learn Hindi daily show, we had a mystery word.  Let us look at what that mystery word was.

नहाना – to bathe

मैंने नहाया।  – I bathed

क्या आप नहाना चाहते हैं? Do you want to bathe?  (when asking a man)

How would you change this sentence to ask a woman?  In the April 24, 2011 Learn Hindi Daily Show, we talked about how to take a masculine sentence and change it to a feminine sentence.   This involves removing the ए sound from the verb and replacing it with a ई sound.

क्या आप नहाना चाहती हैं?  Do you want to bathe?  (when asking a woman).

Related words:

स्नान – bathing (m)

स्नान करना – to bathe

पानी – water (m)

नल – faucet (m)

गरम – hot

ठंडा – cold

साबुन – soap (m)


Daily Symbol and Sound


एँ – plural feminine nouns

This is ए plus the chandrabindu.  The chandrabindu makes the ए nasalized.  This is used in several places in Hindi.

First, you see this on the end of feminine gendered nouns that do not end in ई.

mother माता

mothers माताएँ

language भाषा

languages भाषाएँ

(Note that ष and श make nearly the same sound.  In fact, some people say they do have the same sound.  ष is common in words that are from Sanskrit.  This is one of the few places that Hindi is not perfectly phonetic.)

“एँ” is also seen in the future tense.

They will eat.  वे खाएँगे।

The girls will sing.  लड़कियाँ गाएँगी।

You should also learn this (एँ) in the dependent form.  It looks like a backslash on top of the letters with a dot by it.  Let us see it in an example.

table – मेज़

tables – मेज़ें

Here is a picture of the word मेज़ें with the the dependent form of एँ colored in red.


Let us see some more examples:

book – किताब

books – किताबें


(See Grammar Drill – Plural and Singular of Feminine Nouns

and Grammar Drill: Plural and Singular of Masculine Nouns

also see George’s Learning Hindi blog entry on the plural case)

Let us see a verb that uses this symbol and sound.

They will do the work.

वे काम करेंगे।

See करेंगे has the dependent form of एँ.


(See the September 8, 2009 episode on Future Tense

also see George’s Learning Hindi blog entry on the future tense)


Comments and Emails

Heather wrote a comment on April 22, 2011 Learn Hindi Daily Show saying

Hi Nathan,

I’m glad there will be a more formal lesson structure–I get so overwhelmed, so something intended to be done in order would be great. I’ve tried Rosetta Stone Hindi (which I don’t like because it’s too hard to parse phrases) and Pimsleur (which I find useful, but only uses the aap form). I have the flash cards (I think I’ve seen them advertised here), which I think are wonderful for learning Devanagri. At first I didn’t worry about *reading Hindi*, but then I realized that all books that Romanize it use different spellings, so knowing the “real” sound that is supposed to be in a word helps immensely.

I used to listen to your podcast a few years ago, so I’m glad to find you again.

Heather, glad that you found us again.  The daily program will still be largely unstructured and will be directed by the questions and comments that we get.  If anyone has any question related to Hindi, please leave it as comment on the site or email me at nathan@ISpeakHindi.com.  We will go over the question as part of this program.

We are working on creating a set of lessons that will be separate from this daily program that will go step by step to teach Hindi.  As these become available, we will make an announcement on this program.  I expect to have the first ones on the site by the end of May.


Rob wrote a comment on the April 24, 2011 Learn Hindi Daily Show saying:

Good show.
I think I should point out that saying “You all” says “Hello, I’m an American”. We Brits tend to say “all of you” :-) No offence.

Good point Rob.  Actually here in Texas you are more likely to hear us say ya’ll, pronounced “yall”.  “How are y’all?”  तुम लोग कैसे हो?

Are you or someone you know a Hindi teacher in Maryland and would be interested in teaching at a college?  If so, there is an open position available.  Here is more information:

The Office of International Programs is accepting resumes ongoing for persons to teach the following languages: Akan-Twi, Amharic, Arabic, Chinese, Dinka, Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hindi, Russian, Spanish, Swahili, Xhosa, and Yoruba. Classes are taught in a variety of formats ranging from one day to three weekends and focus on specific topics such as healthcare, business, law enforcement, social work, clergy, and mission or leisure travel. Visit www.umes.edu/flic to see current offerings. The position is contractual with no benefits.
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Resumes will be accepted until the position is filled.  Qualified applicants should submit a cover letter, resume, unofficial transcripts, and reference letters to:

Department of Human Resources
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E-mail: mvames@umes.edu

UMES is an EEO/AA employer. The successful candidate must be able to show acceptable documentation establishing the right to accept employment in the United States of America. Minorities, women and persons with disabilities are encouraged to apply.

Mystery Word

Try to understand the mystery word.  Do you know how to write it?  Do you know what it means?  Can you use it in a sentence?  Do you understand the example sentence?  What are some related words?


Clever Bird

Let’s continue to look at the Clever Bird story.

(You can go by the  NYU site to see more information about the story at http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/mideast/hindi/stories/bird.html)

Yesterday we talked about past tense with transitive verbs.  Did you find all the examples of this?

One particular pattern you should look out for is:

X ने कहा कि Y

This means “X” said that “Y”.

Here are some examples from the passage:

चिड़िया ने कहा कि भाई कुत्ते मुझे निकाल |

The bird said that, “Brother dog, get me out”

कुत्ते ने कहा निकालूँगा तो खा लूँगा

The dog said I will get you out though I will eat you.


चिड़िया ने कहा कि हाँ खा लेना |

The bird said, Yes, you shall eat.


Now try making your own sentences using this form.  Here are some examples to get you started.

1) Nathan said learn Hindi everyday.

2) He said that the house is big.

3) She said the time is 3:30.

4) The mother said that the child does not drink tea.

5) The teacher said the students study a lot.

Try to figure these out.  See how many you can translate, we will go over them tomorrow.

In addition to looking out for the “he said that” form.  Also look out for “is” and “was”.

is – है

was – था, थी

Now, let us hear Meena read the story. (Sonia and Naraindas Jii read it in previous shows.)

चतुर चिड़िया

एक चिड़िया थी | उसका नाम चींची था | एक दिन की बात है | चीची चिड़िया गाय के पास बैठी थी | वह दाने चुग-चुग कर खा रही थी | गाय ने गोबर किया | चिड़िया गोबर में दब गई | वह उड़ न सकी |
उधर से एक कुत्ता आया | चिड़िया ने कहा कि भाई कुत्ते मुझे निकाल |
कुत्ते ने कहा निकालूँगा तो खा लूँगा |
चिड़िया ने कहा कि हाँ खा लेना |
कुत्ते ने चिड़िया को गोबर से बाहर निकाला | अब चिड़िया ने कहा कि मुझे धो तो ले |
कुत्ता चिड़िया को नल पर ले गया | वह धोकर उसे चिड़िया को खाने लगा |
चिड़िया ने कहा कि सुखा तो ले |
कुत्ते ने चिड़िया को धूप में रख दिया | थोड़ी देर में चिड़िया के पंख सूख गये | वह फुर्र करके उड़ गई |
कुत्ता मुँह देखता रह गया |

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About Nathan

Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.