Learn Hindi Daily Show – salt, ru, I hope

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Continue expanding your vocabulary and practice hearing the Hindi sounds when our mystery word from the last episode is revealed.  Learn the symbol and sound रु (ru) which is a little different than other consonants combined with उ (u).  Learn the phrase “I hope”.  Hear the latest news in the Hindi learning world, and hear comments from other Hindi learners.  We close by reading a passage out of the Namaste Jii textbook.

 

Mystery Word From The Last Episode

Mystery word from Learn Hindi Daily Show – ख़बर, ली, How are you?, News Article Explained

नमक (na-mak)– salt

खाने में नमक कम है। (khā-nē mē na-mak kam hai.)  There is not enough salt in the food.  (Literally:  Salt is less in the food.)

कम (kam) – less

ज़्या्दा (zyā-dā) – more

काली मिर्च (kā-lī mirc) – black pepper

Daily Symbol and Sounds

रु = र + उ

(ru = ra + u)

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This is an exception to the usual way that उ (u)  is added to a consonant.  Usually, उ (u) is a loop going in the opposite direction under the consonant.  Look at तुम (tum)

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However, when उ (u) is added to र (r) it is added in the middle of the character, and it goes the opposite direction.

Let’s look at the word गुरु (gu-ru) which as the usual उ (u) and the one that is part of today’s letter रु (ru).

गुरु (gu-ru)- teacher

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रुकना (ruk-nā) – to stop

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करुणा (ka-ru-ṇā) – compassion

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Mystery Word

Try to understand the mystery word.  Do you know how to write it?  Do you know what it means?  Can you use it in a sentence?  Do you understand the example sentence?  What are some related words?

 

Thoughts on Language Learning

Here is an interesting quote from the Katherine Russell Rich’s book Dreaming in Hindi (p.69) :

It was now literally impossible to own anything.  In Hindi, new shoes, bread, your car could only be “in your direction”: ke pas (के पास).  I loved the construction’s nod to impermanence.

Phrase of the Day

मुझे आशा है। (mu-jhē ā-śā hai.) I hope.  (literally:  To me is hope.)

 

Grammar Tip of the Day

Here is a good exercise if you are a beginner or intermediate Hindi student.  Take a verb, any verb.  Then fully conjugate it for a particular subject.  Today, let’s conjugate the verb देखना (dēkh-nā) which means to see, for मैं (maĩ) where मैं (maĩ) refers to a man.

I see.    मैं देखता हूँ। (maĩ dēkh-tā hūn.)

I saw.   मैंने देखा। (main-nē dē-khā)

I used to see.  मैं देखता था। (maĩ dēkh-tā thā.)

I will see.   मैं देखूँगा। (maĩ dē-khūn-gā.)

I am seeing.  मैं देख रहा हूँ। (maĩ dē-kha ra-hā hūn)

I was seeing  मैं देख रहा था। (maĩ dē-kha ra-hā thā.)

I will be seeing.  मैं देखता रहूँगा। (maĩ dēkh-tā ra-hūn-gā.)

I have seen.   मैंने देखा है। (main-nē dē-khā hai.)

I had seen.   मैंने देखा था। (main-nē dē-khā thā.)

I must see.  मुझे देखना है। (mu-jhē dē-kha-nā hai.)

I had to see.   मुझे देखना था। (mu-jhē dē-kha-nā thā.)

 

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The information below is more advanced, and transliterations stop at this point in the show.  If you need the transliterations, then use this website to create transliterations http://devtransliteration.appspot.com/

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Comments, Questions and News

Jonny Ji left us a comment on yesterday’s Learn Hindi Daily Show:

Bahut acchā :) This is a nice format. Like those really good one-price all-you-can-eat buffets at Indian restaurants; You can choose what you want to learn with all levels in one lesson together.

Speaking of Khabar,
“What’s new?”
कोई नयी ख़बर ? کوئی نایی خبر
कोई नयी ख़बर नहीं II کوئی نایی خبر نہیں

कोई अच्छी ख़बर ? :)

And speaking of ‘ācchī khabar’, from BBC-Hindi:

ओसामा की मौत और आतंकवाद
ओसामा बिन लादेन की मौत को अमरीका आतंकवाद के ख़िलाफ़ लड़ाई में एक बड़ी सफलता बता रहा है.

अलक़ायदा को अमरीका, पाकिस्तान और अफ़ग़ानिस्तान सहित कई देशों में हुई चरमपंथी घटनाओं के लिए ज़िम्मेदार ठहराया जाता रहा है.

क्या ओसामा का मारा जाना इस आंदोलन को निष्क्रिय करेगा? क्या एक ओसामा का न रहना आतंकवाद का अंत समझा जाए? क्या इस मौत से चरमपंथी संगठनों का मनोबल कमज़ोर होगा?

आप इस बारे में क्या सोचते हैं? अपनी राय से हमें अवगत कराएँ.

अपनी टिप्पणियाँ वर्चुअल कीबोर्ड का इस्तेमाल करते हुए हिंदी में ही भेजें.
प्रकाशित: 5/2/11 7:12 AM GMT

Brent also left us a comment:

Nathan,

I really like the new format of the show! I consider myself to be beginning level listener, but I like to see the range of levels being presented. I really like the mystery word of the day. I guessed yesterday’s word to be: कबर, which I guess means “grave” according to the http://www.google.com/translate tool.

Thank you to Narendez and Meena (sp?) as well for their continued contributions.

Warm Regards,
Brent

Confusing ख़बर and कबर is a very common problem for us English speakers.  I still have trouble hearing, and, presumably, saying the क and ख correctly.  I get mixed up when I hear them.  I really have to try hard to keep from using much breath when saying क and using a lot of breath when saying ख.  I think this may be something us English speakers will have to cope with.  For me, I have to remember which is which by knowing the word and then working out by the context which word is begin said.

कबर is really close to the word for “grave” which is कब्र.  This last symbol is actually a half ब combined with a र.  The र is represented by the line sticking out of the bottom of the ब.  We will be going over this “half” ब mixed with र in a future episode.

I think he mystery word will help with hearing the differences between the sounds in Hindi.  I challenge all of our listeners to try to make out what the mystery word is, and you will find your ability to distinguish between the Hindi sounds and letters.

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Anshu Jain from ILearnHindi.org will be teaching a Hindi course for High School students offered by UCLA: Center for World languages from June 28th- July 28th.  If you are in the Los Angeles, California area, then this will be of interest to you.

It is a five-week introduction to Hindi for *Heritage Students (*students who listen to some Hindi at home) This program is designed for high school students wishing to immerse themselves in their Heritage language, culture, customs and family. They will be able to read and write Devanagari Script as well as communicate colloquially in Hindi.

The course will meet for five weeks at UCLA during summer. Admission is limited to rising sophomores, juniors or seniors, and is by instructor consent. Students who complete the course will receive a letter and certificate and will be eligible to apply for high school credit at their individual high schools. Federally funded program. Students pay $150 for the 5 weeks, 70 hrs. course!

If you have any questions about the registration process or have trouble registering, please contact Agazit Abate at cwl@international.ucla.edu or call 310-825-2510.

image Anshu has also created a set of Alphabet Flashcards that will help you master the Hindi letters.  Each letter has a card of its own.  On each card is a picture to help you remember the letter and a word that begins with that letter.

Buy the Hindi Flashcards on ISpeakHindi.com

If you are a paid subscriber in the USA, then you can get it for $5 plus $5 for shipping.  If you are not yet a paid subscriber, then I would recommend you becoming a paid subscriber.

 

 

Namaste Jii Textbook

IMG_1629The Namaste Jii textbook is meant for beginner Hindi students.  It can be used in a high school or college course, but it is also useful if you are learning on your own.  It explains the grammar of Hindi in a very easy to follow and use way.  It contains a lot of practice in reading and understanding.  Today, we hear Meena Jii read the passage from the Namaste Jii textbook on p. 293.  If you have the book, you can follow along.  If you are interested in getting the book, you find out more about the Namaste Jii textbook on ISpeakHindi.com.  We will be going over this passage in the next few episodes. 

Have a question about Hindi? Click here to ask it

Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi
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About Nathan

Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.