What would it take to encourage you to learn Hindi today? Not to put it off until tomorrow? How about a chance to win a free Hindi Word Find Booklet? Look in today’s lesson for the details. Did you get the mystery word from yesterday, पूछना (pūch-nā) ? In today’s episode we look at the example sentence, and a handful of related words. We also look at several examples of पूछना चाहना (pūch-nā cāh-nā) “to want to ask” in various forms. We also read a passage in the Namaste Jii textbook (p.293). If there is something that you are wanting to ask regarding Hindi, please email me at nathan@ISpeakHindi.com
Win a free Hindi Word Find Booklet (contains 25 Hindi word find puzzles)
A couple a years ago, I created a booklet of Hindi word find puzzles. This is just like the English puzzles. You must find a list of words in a grid of letters. We published some word find worksheets in some previous episodes. That was so fun, I created a booklet of 25 of them which is for sale online.
I am going to give away one of these booklets with free shipping. What do you have to do? Make a 100% on the quiz associated with this episode before we record the next one. I will randomly choose a listener who makes a 100% on the quiz and announce it on the next Learn Hindi Daily Show!
Also, if you are a Paid Subscriber then you can download and print this booklet from the paid subscriber area. Or if you don’t want to leave anything to chance, you can buy it for only $5 + shipping..
Public price: $5
Paid subscriber price: $2.50 (see in the paid subscriber area)
Mystery Word From the Last Episode
पूछना (pūch-nā) – to ask
मैं एक प्रश्न पूछना चाहता हूँ। (maĩ ēk praśn pūch-nā cāh-tā hūn) I want to ask one question. (said by a man)
मैं एक प्रश्न पूछना चाहती हूँ। (maĩ ēk praśn pūch-nā cāh-tī hūn) I want to ask one question. (said by a woman)
प्रश्न (praśna) – question
जवाब (ja-vāb) – answer
उत्तर (ut-tar) – answer
Daily Hindi Letter and Sound
रू = र + ऊ
rū = ra + ū
This is very similar to yesterday’s Symbol and Sound which was रु (र + उ) (ru (ra + u)). The way to see the difference is that today’s symbol has that extra little tail in the middle. The way to hear the difference is that today’s sound is longer.
रूस (rūs) – Russian
शुरू (śu-rū) – begin
शुरू करना (śu-rū kar-nā) – to begin
करूँगा (ka-rūn-gā) – will do
रूप (rūp) – beauty
अमरूद (a-ma-rūd) – guava fruit
Thoughts on Language Learning
Here is an interesting quote from the Katherine Russell Rich’s book Dreaming in Hindi (p.62) :
A weird crossover effect from my studies has occurred. Hindi pollutes my English and vice versa. I construct clunky Hindi sentences using English syntax; total groaners, all wrong. The courtly politeness of Hindi filters into my English, “by your kindness,” “I am obliged to your honor.” It leeches my American personality, makes me feel I’ve gone pale. I never realized before the extent to which we reside in language. We are how we speak.
Try to understand the mystery word. Do you know how to write it? Do you know what it means? Can you use it in a sentence? Do you understand the example sentence? What are some related words?
Phrase of the Day
माफ़ कीजिए, मैंने पहले ही कुछ कार्यक्रम बनाया है।
(māf kī-ji-ē, main-nē pa-ha-lē hī kuch kār-ya-kram ba-nā-yā hai.)
I’m sorry, I have already made plans.
Listener Questions and Comments
Medec was asking in the online chatroom:
How to know the Hindi words are masculine or feminine??
This is something that you will have to remember on a word by word basis. A lot of words that end in आ (ā) are masculine and a lot of words that end in ई (ī) are feminine. For example, लड़का (laṛ-kā) means boy and लड़की (laṛ-kī) means girl. However, there are a lot of words that do not end in either. मेज़ (mēz) means “table” and it is feminine. घर (ghar) means “house” and it is masculine. And then there are words like आदमी (ād-mī) ends in ई (ī), but it means “man” and it is masculine. माता (mā-tā) ends in आ (ā), but it means “mother” and it is feminine.
A trick to remembering the “gender” of new words is to remember them with an आ (ā) ending adjective such as अच्छा (ac-chā). This will stay as अच्छा (ac-chā) with a masculine noun and will change to अच्छी (ac-chī) with a feminine noun. For example, “good house” is अच्छा घर (ac-chā ghar) and “good table” is अच्छी मेज़ (ac-chī mēz).
Jocelyn commented on Learn Hindi Daily Show – ख़बर, ली, How are you?, News Article Explained
Awesome format, very cool update. As always, thanks for great work!
Thanks Jocelyn!! We appreciate the feedback!
Grammar Tip of the Day
Yesterday, we suggested that you take a verb and conjugate it many different ways. Today, lets do that again with मैं (maĩ) referring to a feminine subject, and lets used it in conjunction with पूछना चाहना (pūch-nā cāh-nā) “to want to ask”.
I want to ask. मैं पूछना चाहती हूँ। (maĩ pūch-nā cāh-tī hūn)
I wanted to ask. मैंने पूछना चाहा। (main-nē pūch-nā cā-hā.)
I used to want to ask. मैं पूछना चाहती थी। (maĩ pūch-nā cā-ha-tī thī.)
I will want to ask. मैं पूछना चाहूँगी। (maĩ pūch-nā cā-hūn-gī.)
I am wanting to ask. मैं पूछना चाह रही हूँ। (maĩ pūch-nā cā-ha ra-hī hūn.)
I was wanting to ask. मैं पूछना चाह रही थी। (maĩ pūch-nā cā-ha ra-hī thī.)
I will be wanting to ask. मैं पूछना चाहती रहूँगी। (maĩ pūch-nā cāh-tī ra-hūn-gī.)
I have wanted to ask. मैंने पूछना चाहा है। (main-nē pūch-nā cā-hā hai.)
I had wanted to ask. मैंने पूछना चाहा था। (main-nē pūch-nā cā-hā thā.)
The information below is more advanced, and transliterations stop at this point in the show. If you need the transliterations, then use this website to create transliterations http://devtransliteration.appspot.com/
Namaste Jii Textbook
The Namaste Jii textbook is meant for beginner Hindi students. It can be used in a high school or college course, but it is also useful if you are learning on your own. It explains the grammar of Hindi in a very easy to follow and use way. It contains a lot of practice in reading and understanding. Today, we hear Meena Jii read the passage from the Namaste Jii textbook on p. 293. If you have the book, you can follow along. If you are interested in getting the book, you find out more about the Namaste Jii textbook on ISpeakHindi.com. We will be going over this passage in the next few episodes.
१. मकान किसका है?
२. मकान में कितने कमरे हैं?
३. मकान में कितने कमरे हैं?
४. बड़ा कमरा किसका है?
५. बड़े कमरे में किलनी मेज़े हैं?
६. पाखाना किस कमरे में है?
७. मेज़ पर क्या है?
८. नये परदे कहाँ है?
Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi