Learn Hindi Daily Show – self, tii, can I help you, ham with pii-naa, BBC Article

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Did you get the mystery word from yesterday?  Learn it today.  And we go over the symbol and sound ती (tī).  A new mystery word is given.  Learn the phrase, “Can I help you?”.  (It is slightly different depending on if a man or a woman says it, so watch out.)  See how the form of पीना (to drink), changes as it is conjugated with हम (we).  We go over some listener comments and questions.  At the end, we introduce a new article from BBC Hindi.  We will be going over this in more detail in future episodes.  If you have any questions or comments, you can leave them as comments to this episode or you can email nathan@ISpeakHindi.com.

Mystery Word From the Last Episode

ख़ुद (khud)– self, by oneself

मैंने यह काम ख़ुद किया। (main-nē yah kām khud ki-yā.)

I did this work by myself.

स्वयं (svayṁ) – self

अपने आप (ap-nē āp) – by yourself, by his self, by ourselves, etc.

Daily Hindi Letter and Sound

ती = त + ई

tī = ta + ī

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This is a combination of these two symbols.  If you have the Hindi Alphabet cards, these are the two that you need to look at:

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If you are interested in learning your letters, then I would recommend that you get the Hindi Letter Flashcards.

Let us look at some words that have the sound ती (tī) in them.

ती (tī) is very important in verb conjugation.  It is used in the habitual tenses with feminine subjects.

खाना (khā-nā) to eat

becomes खाती (khā-tī) – eats (when used with a feminine subject)

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वह सब्ज़ी खाती है।  (vah sab-zī khā-tī hai.) She eats vegetable.

 

गाना (gā-nā) – to sing

becomes गाती (gā-tī) – sings (when used with a feminine subject.)

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It can be used in the habitual past tense like this:

She used to sing.

वह गाती थी।

(vah gā-tī thī.)

Mystery Word

Phrase of the Day

Can I help you?  

[asked by a man] क्या मैं आपकी मदद कर सकता हूँ । (kyā maĩ āp-kī ma-dad kar sak-tā hūn)

[asked by a woman] क्या मैं आपकी मदद कर सकती हूँ । (kyā maĩ āp-kī ma-dad kar sak-tī hūn)

 

Grammar Tip of the Day

Look at the way पीना “to drink” changes in the various tenses as it is conjugated with हम “we”.

We drink.  हम पीते हैं।  (ham pī-tē haĩ.)

We used to drink.  हम पीते थे। (ham pī-tē thē.)

We are drinking.  हम पी रहे हैं। (ham pī ra-hē haĩ.)

We were drinking.  हम पी रहे थे। (ham pī ra-hē thē.)

We drank.  हमने पीया। (ham-nē pī-yā.)

We will drink.  हम पीएँगे। (ham pī-ēn-gē.)

We will be drinking.  हम पीते रहेंगे। (ham pī-tē ra-hēn-gē.)

We must drink.  हमको पीना है। (ham-kō pī-nā hai)

We had to drink.  हमको पीना था। (ham-kō pī-nā thā.)

Log into the site to take the quiz

Listener Questions and Comments

Jodha left a question on yesterday’s show Learn Hindi Daily Show – decision, hiin, do you want something

I hear the words ‘insaaf’ and ‘samaya’ a lot in Hindi films. would like to know what they mean. Could you help me out? shukriya.

Suresh provided the following reply (edited):

Dear Jodha:

Insaaf (इंसाफ़) means “justice”.  Also,  Nyaay (न्याय) means justice. Samaya (समया) means “included” but samay (समय) means or vakt =time.

Mujhey insaaf(nyaay) chahiye means I want justice.

Regards,
Suresh

Also, I got an email asking if I could recommend a Hindi textbook.  There are actually three that I am familiar with that I would recommend.

First, the Namaste Jii Textbook which you can buy on the ISpeakHindi.com site.  (We can only deliver it within the United States because of the cost of postage.)

Second, Dr. Rupert Snell’s Teach Yourself Hindi.   This is available on Amazon which can ship to more place.   (I also had the chance to interview Dr. Rupert Snell a few years back.)

Third, I would also recommend Elementary Hindi by Richard Delacy and Sudha Joshi.   It is also available on Amazon.   (I also had the opportunity to interview Mr. Delacy a few weeks ago.)

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The information below is more advanced, and transliterations stop at this point in the show.  If you need the transliterations, then use this website to create transliterations http://devtransliteration.appspot.com/

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Something more complicated

From the BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/pakistan/2011/05/110509_geelani_qaeda_skj.shtml

Title: आईएसआई की अल क़ायदा से मिलीभगत नहीं: पाक

पाकिस्तान के प्रधानमंत्री यूसुफ रज़ा गिलानी ने इन आरोपों को ख़ारिज कर दिया कि ओसामा बिन लादेन का पाकिस्तान में मारा जाना पाकिस्तानी अधिकारियों की असफलता को दर्शाता है.

गिलानी ने संसद में इस पूरे मुद्दे पर बयान देते हुए कहा, "किसी भी तरह की मिलीभगत और अयोग्यता के आरोप ग़लत हैं. आईएसआई का अल क़ायदा से मिलीभगत होने के आरोप बेबुनियाद हैं."

गिलानी का कहना था कि अमरीका का पाकिस्तान की ज़मीन पर कार्रवाई करना कई गंभीर चुनौतियां खड़ी कर सकता था लेकिन पाकिस्तान अमरीका से अपनी मित्रता को बहुत महत्व देता है.

हालांकि उन्होंने परोक्ष रुप से ये भी कहा कि ओसामा बिन लादेन को खड़ा करने में अमरीका का हाथ भी रहा है.

उन्होंने कहा, “अंतरराष्ट्रीय समुदाय को यह बताना ज़रुरी है कि नबे के दशक में अरब देशों के युवाओं ने जिहाद शुरु किया और अल क़ायदा में शामिल हो गए. अल क़ायदा को बनाने वाले कौन थे? और उस को धन किस ने दिया? यह आज के प्रश्न हैं.”

Read the rest on the BBC site: http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/pakistan/2011/05/110509_geelani_qaeda_skj.shtml

Other News

UW-Madison posting: Lecturer in Urdu

Spoken Urdu and Hindi are very similar to each other.  Several of our listeners are learning to read and write Urdu as well.  Therefore, I wanted to pass along this news.

Do you know of an Urdu teacher that would be interested in teaching at the University of Wisconsin?  You might want to pass this along.

Please contact Erlin S. Barnard, esbarnard@wisc.edu directly if you have any questions.

The University of Wisconsin-Madison is accepting applications for a lecturer position in Urdu, to begin on August 29, 2011. For details about the position and application procedures please refer to http://www.ohr.wisc.edu/pvl/pv_070292.html . Application deadline is May 20, 2011.

Download an entire month's worth of lessons. We have all the lessons from May 2009 through October 2011 in zip files containing the audio files and a PDF with all the lessons. You can download these in the paid subscriber area.

If you are not already a paid subscriber, you should consider becoming one. It is only $12 every 3 months. That's only $4/month. Learning Hindi is worth much more than $4/month, so this is a great deal.
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About Nathan

Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.