When will you learn Hindi? When you learn Hindi you will be happy. See how we used the same word “when” in two different ways? In Hindi there are actually two different words. This is what we learn when the mystery word from the last episode is exposed. Still learning your Hindi letters? Today learn the symbol थी which is थ with the vowel ई. Do you know how to say “You are very kind.” in Hindi? That is the phrase we learn. We also review the present habitual tense and read some listener questions and comments.
Mystery Word From Last Episode
Did you understand the mystery word from the last episode? Learn Hindi Daily Show – help, the, nice to meet you, nouns from the BBC Hindi article
कब (kab) – when?
आप कब आएँगे। (āp kab ā-ēn-gē) – When will you come? (talking to a man)
आप कब आएँगी। (āp kab ā-ēn-gī) – When will you come? (talking to a woman)
जब (jab)- when (statement)
Let’s take a moment to look at an example contrasting कब (kab), the question word for “when”, and जब (jab), the statement word for “when”.
जब आप आएँगे तब हम काम करेंगे। (jab āp ā-ēn-gē tab ham kām ka-rēn-gē.) When you will come then we will do the work.
आप कब काम करने के लिये आएँगे? (āp kab kāma kar-nē kē li-yē ā-ēn-gē?) When will you come to do the work? (Literally: When will you come for doing the work?)
If you want an more in depth explanation in our previous lesson कब or जब – when? or when. (published January 6, 2009)
अब (ab) – now
अभी (a-bhī) – right now
बाद में (bād mēn)– aftewards
फ़िर (fir) – then, again, next
Hindi Letter and Sound of the Day
थी = थ + ई
thī = tha + ī
This is a combination of these two symbols. If you have the Hindi Alphabet cards, these are the two that you need to look at:
If you are interested in learning your letters, then I would recommend that you get the Hindi Letter Flashcards.
This means “was” and is used with feminine subjects.
वह थकी थी। (vah tha-kī thī) – She was tired.
It is also used as a helping verb.
वह गाती थी। (vah gā-tī thī.) – She used to sing.
वह नाचती थी। (vah nāc-tī thī.) – She used to dance.
Phrase of the Day
You’re very kind! आप बहुत दयालु हैं। (āp ba-hut da-yā-lu ha)
Daily Grammar Exercise
Let us look at the habitual present tense. You need to know four helping verbs:
हूँ (hūn) – translates as “am” and used with मैं (maĩ)
हो (hō) – translate as “are” and used with तुम (tum)
है (hai) – translates as “is”
हैं (haĩ) – translates as “are” (not used with तुम (tum))
Next, you need to know how to get the stem of the verb. In dictionary form all the verbs have ना (nā) on the end. बोलना (bōl-nā) – to speak; गाना (gā-nā)– to sing; नाचना (nāc-nā) to dance; सोना (sō-nā)to sleep; खाना (khā-nā) to eat.
Next, you need to add the appropriate ending. There are three you have to be concerned with ता (tā), ते (tē), ती (tī). ता (tā) is used for masculine singular subjects; ते (tē) is used for masculine plural subjects and ती (tī) is used for feminine subjects, both plural and singular.
Let’s see some examples looking at the masculine case first.
I eat fish. मैं मछली खाता हूँ। (maĩ mach-lī khā-tā hūn)
We eat fish. हम मछली खाते हैं। (ham mach-lī khā-tē haĩ.)
You eat fish. (formal) आप मछली खाते हैं। (āp mach-lī khā-tē haĩ.)
You eat fish. (informal) तुम मछली खाते हो। (tum mach-lī khā-tē hō)
He eats fish. वह मछली खाता है। (vah mach-lī khā-tā hai.)
They eat fish. वे मछली खाते हैं। (vē mach-lī khā-tē haĩ.)
Now let’s look at some feminine examples:
I eat fish. मैं मछली खाती हूँ। (maĩ mach-lī khā-tī hūn.)
We eat fish. हम मछली खाती हैं। (ham mach-lī khā-tī haĩ.)
You eat fish. (formal) आप मछली खाती हैं। (āp mach-lī khā-tī haĩ.)
You eat fish. (informal) तुम मछली खाती हो। (tum mach-lī khā-tī hō.)
She eats fish. वह मछली खाती है। (vah mach-lī khā-tī hai.)
They eat fish. वे मछली खाती हैं। (vē mach-lī khā-tī haĩ.)
Try this with another verb, and leave it in a comment to this episode to share with your fellow Hindi learners.
Listener Questions and Comments
Mathew sent me an email to point out a typo in April 29th’s Learn Hindi Daily: Monday, mein, apna, I am learning Hindi. It had to do with which of the following two phrases are spoken by a man or a woman. I have fixed the typo in the lesson. Before you look, try to see if you can figure out which of the following is spoken by a man and which by a woman.
मैं अपनी किताब पढ़ रही हूँ। (maĩ ap-nī ki-tā-ba paṛh ra-hī hūn)
मैं अपनी किताब पढ़ रहा हूँ। (maĩ ap-nī ki-tā-ba paṛh ra-hā hūn)
You can look at Learn Hindi Daily: Monday, mein, apna, I am learning Hindi to see if you are correct.
Thanks Mathew for noticing this and emailing me so that I could fix it. If you see a typo on ISpeakHindi.com or something you are not sure about, then please leave a comment or email me at nathan@ISpeakHindi.com
Mathew also wrote in his email [edited]:
I continue to enjoy your website and attempted to become a paid subscriber today. The process was stopped by pay pal. Needless to say this will require further investigation on my part. I wonder how many people attempt to pay for you web site and don’t go through with the process due to joining pay pal or having hurdles to jump. Needless to say I will pay for my use of your site, it is very good.
Thanks Mathew for your feedback and support. I think I may have just fixed the subscription signup issue that you mention. PayPal has an “Enhanced Recurring Payments” program that allows for people to sign up without getting a PayPal account. The only thing you need is a credit card. Let me explain how this works:
First, if you want to subscribe, just click on this link:
Second, you will be taken to a PayPal screen that looks like this. You can either enter your PayPal account information or click on the “Pay using your credit or debit card” link that I have highlighted below:
If you sign up using your PayPal account, then you can always cancel through PayPal. But if you use your credit or debit card to sign up, then you will need to email us at support@ISpeakHindi.com to cancel.
I hope that this makes it easier for more people to sign up. If you have any trouble at all, with the sign up process, you can email us at support@ISpeakHindi.com.
I have received several emails asking about a message from one of the users on our site going by the name of “Nancy”. Someone using a login as “Nancy” has sent an email to all of the people on the site saying that she is interested in making friends and learning language together. But this is pure spam. I found this same email on several other sites, and I do not believe that this email should be responded to. In order to keep you from receiving more spam, I have turned off “private messages” on the site.
Laurie recently sent me an email in which she said:
I really like your new page. I really like two things about it. That you help people learn a sentence that can be useful and that you show how to use a word in different sentences and in it’s different forms. It’s very good. I also like the way you answer questions, because the question one person has is probably the question 20 people have, they just don’t ask.
Thanks Laurie. We will definitely keep doing a “phrase of the day” and looking at grammar exercises to help people become more comfortable with Hindi. You are right about those questions. There are probably many people with Hindi questions that are just looking for a place to direct them to. If any of our listeners have a Hindi question, email me at nathan@ISpeakHindi.com. Not only will you be helping yourself, but you will be helping other people with the same question, that haven’t quite gotten around to asking.
Lessons Recently Published on the Site
As mentioned in our first Learn Hindi Daily Show (April 22, 2011), we are in the process of changing the format of ISpeakHindi.com. In the past, we tried to publish a Hindi lesson everyday. But these lessons would not have something for everyone. And they did not serve the purpose of trying to get all the Hindi learners out there to make Hindi learning a daily habit. In addition to this, we have been working with other Hindi teachers that can be very prolific in producing Hindi learning content. Limiting them to just one lesson a day means that we had a lot of great Hindi content in the queue waiting to be published, when it would do everyone good to get it out there ASAP. ISpeakHindi.com will be splitting its content into two parts Learn Hindi Daily Show and Hindi lessons. This split will become more evident as the site evolves.
We will be listing the new content in the Learn Hindi Daily Show, and will occasionally include the audio of a lesson in the show.
On Tuesday, 5/17/2011, the following lessons from Suresh were published on the site:
HINDI LESSON NO.101 हिंदी पाठ संख्या १०१ एक सौ एक Hindi paath sankhya no. 101(one hundred one only) Some sentences. कुछ वाक्य(Kuch Vaaky)
HINDI LESSON NO.102 हिंदी पाठ संख्या १०२ एक सौ दो Hindi Paath sankhya no. 102(one hundred two only) कुछ शब्द (Kuchh Shabd) Some words.
HINDI LESSON NO.103 हिंदी पाठ संख्या १०३ एक सौ तीन Hindi paath sankhya No. one hundred three only – भगवान् श्री कृष्ण (Bhagwaan Shri. Krishna ) LORD SRI. KRISHNA
HINDI LESSON No.104(one hundred four) हिंदी पाठ संख्या १०४ (Hindi path sankhya – एक सौ चार Lord Shri Ramchandrajee भगवान श्री राम चंद्रजी(Bhagwaan Shree Ramchnadrajee)
HINDI LESSON No.105(one hundred five) हिंदी पाठ संख्या १०५ (Hindi paath sankhya – एक सौ पांच (ek sau paanch) Bus Ride बस की सवारी Bus kee Savaaree
हिंदी पाठ संख्या (Hindi Paath sankhya) १०६ एक सौ छ Hindi lesson No.106(one hundred and six)- हिंदी शब्दों के उच्चारण पर ध्यान दें| (Hindi shabdon ke uccharan par dhyaan dein)-Pay attention to the pronunciations of Hindi words
Be sure and check out these lessons. Help me figure out which ones to highlight on upcoming Learn Hindi Daily Shows by giving them a 1 to 5 star rating and leaving comments on them.
I had planned to go over the verbs in the BBC Hindi article today. But that is taking a little more time to prepare than expected, and I hope to do it in the next episode.
Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
Looking for something else? Check out our Hindi/English Dictionary. Learn Hindi