Learn Hindi Daily Show – money, thiin, where do you live, past habitual tenses, BBC Hindi article line by line

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When we review the mystery word from yesterday, we cover the words for money, cheap and expensive.  Learn another Hindi letter today, and see it used in the habitual past tense.  Hear another mystery word.  Learn the phrase “Where do you live?”.  Review the habitual past tense, and learn the meaning of the first lines of the BBC article we have been exploring.

First off, I want to thank my friend Princy for signing the introduction.

Mystery Word From Last Episode

पैसा – money, wealth (m)

क्या आपके पास पैसे हैं? – Do you have money?

कितना/कितनी– how much?

दाम – price

महंगा – expensive

सस्ता- cheap

Hindi Letter and Sound of the Day

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थीं = थ + ई + bindi

This is a combination of these two symbols.  If you have the Hindi Alphabet cards, these are the two that you need to look at.  You also need to add a “bindi” on top to create a nasal sound effect.

IMG_7135 IMG_7136

If you are interested in learning your letters, then I would recommend that you get the Hindi Letter Flashcards.

This is used in the habitual past tense for feminine plural subjects.  You will see examples of this in the grammar section today.

 

Mystery Word

Phrase of the Day

Where do you live?

Ask a man: आप कहाँ रहते हैं?

Ask a woman: आप कहाँ रहती हैं?

Daily Grammar Exercise

Let us review the past habitual tense.  This is very similar to the present habitual, except the helping verbs are different.  Just like the present habitual, there are 4 helping verbs, but they only differ with respect to gender and number.  There are no special helping verbs for मैं and तुम like there are in the present tense.  Here are the helping verbs you need to know:

था – masculine, singular subject

थे – masculine, plural subject

थी – feminine, singular subject

थीं – feminine, plural subject

Let us see some examples with a masculine subject.

I did not use to drink alcohol.  मैं शराब नहीं पीता था।

We did not use to drink alcohol.  हम शराब नहीं पीते थे।

You [formal] did not use to drink alcohol.  आप शराब नहीं पीते थे।

You [informal] did not use to drink alcohol. तुम शराब नहीं पीते थे।

He did not use to drink alcohol.  वह शराब नहीं पीता था।

They did not use to drink alcohol.  वे शराब नहीं पीते थे।

Now let us look at the same sentences but with a feminine subject.

I did not use to drink alcohol.  मैं शराब नहीं पीती थी।

We did not use to drink alcohol.  हम शराब नहीं पीती थीं।

You [formal] did not use to drink alcohol.  आप शराब नहीं पीती थीं।

You [informal] did not use to drink alcohol.  तुम शराब नहीं पीती थीं।

She did not use to drink alcohol.  वह शराब नहीं पीती थी।

They did not use to drink alcohol.  वे शराब नहीं पीती थीं।

Do you see the pattern?  Now it is time for you to practice.  Try to translate the following sentences.  Once you have translated them, come by the website and leave it as a comment.  We will go over the correct translations tomorrow.

 

With a masculine subject:

I use to watch TV.

We use to watch TV.

You [formal] use to watch TV.

You [informal] use to watch TV.

He use to watch TV.

They use to watch TV.

With a feminine subject:

I use to watch TV.

We use to watch TV.

You [formal] use to watch TV.

You [informal] use to watch TV.

She use to watch TV.

They use to watch TV.

Listener Questions and Comments

Shino sent an email wanting to know how to use जैसे  and वैसे:

Let us illustrate the use of these words with some examples:

जैसे आप वैसे ही आपके बेटे हैं।

As you are so will your children be.

 

आपके जैसा कोई नहीं है।

No one is like you.

 

वैसे तो मैं शाकाहारी हूँ लेकिन कभी कभी अंडा खाता हूँ।

Otherwise I am a vegetarian but sometimes I eat egg.

Something more complicated

From the BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/pakistan/2011/05/110509_geelani_qaeda_skj.shtml

I had originally planned to go over the verbs, and then start doing it line by line.  But after attempting this, I found that it would be a lot easier to explain the verbs in the context of the sentences that they are in.  Therefore, let’s start going over this line by line.

Title: आईएसआई की अल क़ायदा से मिलीभगत नहीं: पाक

No ISI al-Qaeda conspiracy: Pak

 

पाकिस्तान के प्रधानमंत्री यूसुफ रज़ा गिलानी ने इन आरोपों को ख़ारिज कर दिया कि ओसामा बिन लादेन का पाकिस्तान में मारा जाना पाकिस्तानी अधिकारियों की असफलता को दर्शाता है.

Pakistan’s prime minister Yusuf Raza Gilani has refuted allegations that the killing of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan does not show the failure of the Pakistan authorities.

 

गिलानी ने संसद में इस पूरे मुद्दे पर बयान देते हुए कहा, “किसी भी तरह की मिलीभगत और अयोग्यता के आरोप ग़लत हैं. आईएसआई का अल क़ायदा से मिलीभगत होने के आरोप बेबुनियाद हैं.”

While explaining the whole situation in parliament Gilani said, “Allegations of conspiracy and failure are wrong.  The allegations of conspiracy between ISI and al-Qaeda are baseless.

 

(We will go over the next three lines tomorrow.)

Read the rest on the BBC site: http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/pakistan/2011/05/110509_geelani_qaeda_skj.shtml

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Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.