{Suresh 336) Proverbs

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{Suresh 336)  कहावतें ( Kahavatein)
Proverbs/sayings
Introduction: Some of the useful Proverbs in Hindi is being shared for the benefit
of Hindi learners, together with English transliteration and translation in English.
This will help improve vocabulary, pronunciation etc.
I have tried to explain them to best of my ability,wherever required.
A कहावतें (proverbs) (from the Latin proverbium), is a simple and concrete  saying popularly known and repeated, which expresses a truth, based on common sense or the practical experience of humanity. They are often  metaphorical. Almost every language has own proverbs. The study of proverbs is called: paremiology from Greek which dates back to Aristotle’s time. Paremiography, on the other hand, is the collection of proverbs.  I believe that a prominent proverb scholar in the United States is Wolfgang Mieder who has written or edited over 50 books on the subject.

बुड्ढी घोड़ी, लाल लगाम |  ( Buddadhee ghodee laal lagaam.)  Old mare, red halter/bridle.  This means:
वय के हिसाब से ही काम करना चाहिए| ( vay ke hisaab se hee kaam karna chahiye. ) One should work as per age only.
बिल्ली गई ,चूहों की बन आयी | ( Billee gayee chuhon kee ban aayee. ) As soon as ,the cat went, mice became the boss.
डर खत्म होते ही मौज मनाना|( Dar khatm hotey hee mauj mananaa.) – To start celebration , as soon as the fear is gone.बीमार की रात ,पहाड़ बराबर ( Beemaar kee raat, pahaad baraabar) – Night of the sick is like mountain. It means:
खराब समय मुश्किल से कटता है|( Kharaab samay mushkil sey katataa hai. ) The bad time passes with difficulty.
बिना रोए तो माँ भी दूध नहीं पिलाती | (Bina roye to maa bhee doodh nahin pilaatee)- Even mother does not feed/give milk without crying.
बिना यत्न किए कुछ भी नहीं मिलता| (Bina yatn kiye kuchh bhee nahin miltaa ) Nothing gets done ( you receive) without making efforts.
बिल्ली और दूध की रखवाली?  ( Billee aur doodh kee rakhwaalee ?) Cat and guarding milk?
भक्षक रक्षक नहीं हो सकता|( Bhakshak rakshak nahin ho saktaa. ) (devourer i.e. eater can not be  the guard.)
जो सभी का मित्र होता है वह किसी का मित्र नहीं होता| ( jo sabhee kaa mitr hota hai vah kisee kaa mitr nahin hotaa. ) 
A friend to all is a friend to none.   This meaning is self explanatory.
बुढ़ापे में मिट्टी खराब | ( Budhaapey mein mittee kharaab) –  Soil becomes poor in old age.
बुढ़ापे में इज्जत में बट्टा लगना|( Budhaapey mein izzat mein batta lagnaa. )
 -Loss of respect/reputation/prestige  in the old age.
भले आदमी को किसी पर दोष मढ़ने की आवश्यकता नहीं होती|(Bhaley aadmee ko kisee par dosh madhney kee aavashykataa nahin hotee.)There is no need for a gentleman to frame charges/find fault on others.
एक अच्छी शुरुवात आधी सफलता होती है|( Ek achhee shuruwaat aadhee safaltaa hotee hai. A good beginning  is a half success.
Vocabulary:
वय (vay) age
रक्षक (rakshak) guard
बट्टा  ( batta) mark down
भले आदमी ( Bhale aadmee) gentleman
शुरुवात ( Shruwaat ) beginning

S.Suresh Kumar
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मेरा नाम सुरेश है | सन १९५५ में मेरा जन्म केरल प्रांत में हुआ | मैने पैंतीस वर्ष बिहार/ झारखंड राज्य में व्यतीत किया | मेरी मातृभाषा तमिल है | मैने स्नातक (वाणिज्य) तक हिन्दी माध्यम से अध्ययन किया | हिंदी के प्रति मेरी अभिरुचि बचपन से ही रही है । मैने भारत और विदेश में 29 + वर्षों तक एक अमेरिकी गैर सरकारी संगठन की सेवा की | मैं , वास्तव में , एक रसद / -आपूर्ति श्रृंखला प्रबंधन (एससीएम ) एवं आपदा प्रबंधन (शिविर) विशेषज्ञ हूँ| मैने पाठकों के हेतु ६६ महीनों के दौरान नौ सौ अड़तालीस ( ९४८ ) हिंदी पाठ यहाँ (www.Ispeakhindi.com) समर्पित किया है | | आपके मुझपर विश्वास, निरंतर सहयोग , पाठों पर टिप्पणियां, मूल्यांकन; ९४ % (वास्तव में पांच वर्षों से लगातार ) हेतु मैं अत्यंत आभारी हूँ | व्यक्तिगत/खराब स्वास्थ्य के कारण मैने हिंदी सिखाना मार्च २०१५ से छोड़ दिया है । दिसंबर २०१५ से मेरे द्वारा और कोई हिंदी पाठ नहीं समर्पित किये जाएंगे | शुभकामनाओं के साथ, धन्यवाद , सुरेश भारत नवंबर ३० , २०१५ I am Suresh. I was born in the province of Kerala in 1955. I spent 35 years in the state of Bihar/Jharkhand. My mother tongue is Tamil. I studied in Hindi medium till graduation (commerce). My inclination towards Hindi has been right from my childhood. I served a US NGO for 29 years in India and abroad. I am , in-fact, a logistics/Supply Chain Management (SCM) and disaster management( camp) expert. I have submitted nine hundred and forty-eight(948) lessons in Hindi here (www.Ispeakhindi.com) for readers during 66 months. I am extremely grateful to you all for having reposed your faith in me and continuous support, comments and evaluations ( so far 94% rating achieved which has been consistent for the five year) of the lessons. Due to personal/poor health reasons, I have stopped taking Hindi tuition effective March 2015. Effective December 2015 no more Hindi lessons of mine will be published in this site. With best wishes, Thank you. Suresh November 30, 2015 email id: sskay56@gmail.com