Learn Hindi Daily Show–आ, आप, How are you?

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IMG_6822Introduction

Welcome back to the Learn Hindi Daily Show.  I hope you enjoyed the lesson that Suresh Jii gave us yesterday about 1 word that can be used in place of several.  If you did not get a chance to look at it, then I would encourage you to do so.   {364 Suresh} One word that replaces many

Today we are going to continue from our last show Learn Hindi Daily Show–अ (a), अच्छा (ach-chhaa), Good Tea?  Today we will be covering the next vowel आ, learn the phrase for “How are you?”, review the adjective noun agreement, and talk a little about make plurals of masculine nouns ending with the आ sound.

Letter of the Day

आ (aa)

आम (aam) – mango

आज (aaj) – today

आप (aap) –  you (There are 3 different words for “you” in Hindi.  This is the most formal, and is grammatically plural even if it refers to one person.  If you do not know about the other versions of “You”, the this is the one that you should learn and use.)

आकाश (aa-kaash) – sky

आदर (aa-dar) – respect

आशा (aa-shaa) – hope

Look in our Hindi English dictionary for other words that contain आ.

 

Main Word

आप – you (formal)

आपका नाम क्या है? – What is your name?

आप कैसे हैं? – How are you?  (when asking a man or a group of people that include men)

आप कैसी हैं?  How are you? (when asking a woman or a group of all women)

आप कहाँ हैं? Where are you?

आप कहाँ रहते हैं?  Where do you live?  Where do you stay? (when asking a man or a group of people that include men)

आप कहाँ रहती हैं? Where do you live? Where do you stay? (when asking a woman or a group of all women)

आप कहाँ से हैं?  Where are you from?

 

Main Phrase of the day

आप कैसे हैं? – How are you? (when asking a man or a group of people that include men)

आप कैसी हैं? – How are you? (when asking a woman or a group of all women)

हम ठीक हैं। – We are OK.

मैं ठीक हूँ।  – I am OK.

मैं अच्छा हूँ।  I am good. (spoken by a man)

मैं अच्छी हूँ।  I am good. (spoken by a woman)

तुम is an informal version of “you”. This should be used only with close friends and people that are “junior” to you.

तुम कैसे हो?  How are you?  (when asking a man or a group of people that include men)

तुम कैसी हो? How are you? (when asking a woman or a group of all women)

तू is a very familiar form of you.  It is not recommended that you use this version.  This is sometimes used with children or servants.

तू कैसा है? How are you? (when asking a man or a group of people that include men)

तू कैसी है? How are you? (when asking a woman or a group of all women)

 

Grammar Review

Noun Adjective Agreement

अच्छा – good

लंबा – tall

मेरा – my/mine

आपका – your/yours

 

Masculine Singular Nouns:

बेटा – son

कमरा – room

घर – house

 

Feminine Singular Nouns:

बेटी – daughter

मेज़ – table

 

By combining अच्छा with each of the nouns, we end up with:

अच्छा बेटा – good son

अच्छा कमरा – good room

अच्छा घर – good house

अच्छी बेटी – good daughter

अच्छी मेज़ – good table

 

Now try to do this same exercise with the other adjectives.  We will give you the answers on our next Learn Hindi Daily Show.  Also here are some previous lessons that you might be interested in:

Masculine Nouns – Type 1 – Adjective agreement – February 2, 2009 – Nathan, Meena, Naraindas

 

Making Plurals out of Masculine nouns that end in आ

बेटा – son

कमरा – room

खिलौना – toy

कुत्ता – dog

 

One other grammar point we would like to make is that masculine nouns that end in the आ sound can be made plural by replacing आ with ए on the end.

बेटा – son

बेटे – sons

 

कमरा – room

कमरे – rooms

 

खिलौना – toy

खिलौने – toys

 

कुत्ता – dog

कुत्ते – dogs

 

This only works for masculine nouns.  There are some feminine nouns that end in आ like माता which means “mother”.  This rule does not apply to feminine nouns that end in आ.

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Conclusion

The key to learning Hindi is to do a little bit each and everyday.  Learn 4 words a day using our Master 4 words a day tool.

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Be sure and come by the website and leave a comment about how you have been learning a little Hindi each and everyday.  And always feel free to put questions in your comments that you would like for us to address in this show.

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Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.