{Suresh 493 } Pay attention

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(Suresh 493} Pay attention

Purpose: For the benefit of Hindi learners only . Transliteration has been done by me.
= ध्यान दें | (Dhyaan dein.)
1.The usage of words should be specific to a situation.
वह मेरे शब्दों पर ध्यान नहीं देता|
(Vah merey shabdon par dhyaan nahin deta.) – incorrect
Literal meaning: He doesn’t pay attention to my words.
बात पर ध्यान देना |( baat par dhyaan dena.) is a acceptable and usage will be appropriate.
The usage of शब्दों पर ध्यान देना (Shabdon par dhyaan dena.) is never used. Hence, the sentence should be,
वह मेरी बात पर ध्यान नहीं देता | ( Vah meree baat par dhyaan nahin deta. )
It means He doesn’t pay attention /heed to my saying/thought/suggestion etc.
2.लड़का या लडकी आयेगा |( Ladkaa ya ladkee aayegaa.) :The boy or girl will come.
This is incorrect.
When “या” (or) is used the grammatical gender of the verb agree to the last noun.
In the above cited example, it is लडकी (ladkee) girl which is feminine so it should be आएगी (aayegee.) girl will come) instead आएगा (boy will come.)
लड़का या लडकी आयेगी|( Ladkaa ya ladkee aayegee.)
The boy or girl will come. This is correct.
Similarly, if a pronoun is used then it agrees to the following noun
as in the undermentioned sentence.
Incorrect: आज मेरी बेटा और बेटी मुंबई गए हैं | ( Aaaj meree betaa aur betee Mumbai gaye hain.)
बेटा (bea) son is masculine and hence, the pronoun must be
मेरा (Mera ) mine – masculine) instead मेरी (meree) mine – feminine.
In case of the interrogative sentences, we use masculine for verb declination.
Incorrect: देखो ,कौन आई ? (dekho kaun aayee ?) See, who came?
Here, “कौन” (who) is used masculine and hence, the use of feminine verb ending,
आई (aayee) came – feminine is wrong. It must be आया (aayaa) came – masculine.
Hence,Correct sentence is : देखो, कौन आया ( Dekho kaun aaya.) ?
Sometime, a sentence may be meaningful but unnecessary words might have been used,
which is reflected in the under-noted sentence:
Incorrect: मैं मंगलवार के दिन को वहाँ पहुंच जाऊंगी|
(Main mangalwaar ke din ko vahan pahunch jaaungee.)
I will reach there on the day of Tuesdayy.
मंगलवार के दिन (Mangalwaar kay din – day of Tuesday) is incorrect since “मंगलवार
” (Mangalwaar-Tuesday) alone is sufficient so के दिन should be avoided.
The correct sentence thus will be: मैं मंगलवार को वहाँ पहुंच जाऊंगी|
(Main mangalwaar ko vahan pahunch jaaungee.)
I will reach there on Tuesday.)
4.The under mentioned sentence does not clarify it is active or passive voice,
Incorrect: पुलिस ने चोर का पीछा किया गया|
Here,”ने” must be replaced with “के द्वारा” (through)
Correct: पुलिस के द्वारा चोर का पीछा किया गया|( Pulis key dwaara chor kaa peechha kiya gaya.)
The thief was chased by the police.
5.In the below mentioned sentence, the case is incorrect.
Hence, the verb added at the end is incorrect as well.
Incorrect: प्राचार्य शिक्षक को बुलाए।|(Praachaarya shikshak ko bulaaye.)
This can be amended by adding “ने” to the sentence.
Correct: प्राचार्य ने शिक्षक को बुलाया|
( Praacharya ney shikshak ko bulaaya.)
The principal called the teacher.
S.Suresh Kumar
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मेरा नाम सुरेश है | सन १९५५ में मेरा जन्म केरल प्रांत में हुआ | मैने पैंतीस वर्ष बिहार/ झारखंड राज्य में व्यतीत किया | मेरी मातृभाषा तमिल है | मैने स्नातक (वाणिज्य) तक हिन्दी माध्यम से अध्ययन किया | हिंदी के प्रति मेरी अभिरुचि बचपन से ही रही है । मैने भारत और विदेश में 29 + वर्षों तक एक अमेरिकी गैर सरकारी संगठन की सेवा की | मैं , वास्तव में , एक रसद / -आपूर्ति श्रृंखला प्रबंधन (एससीएम ) एवं आपदा प्रबंधन (शिविर) विशेषज्ञ हूँ| मैने पाठकों के हेतु ६६ महीनों के दौरान नौ सौ अड़तालीस ( ९४८ ) हिंदी पाठ यहाँ (www.Ispeakhindi.com) समर्पित किया है | | आपके मुझपर विश्वास, निरंतर सहयोग , पाठों पर टिप्पणियां, मूल्यांकन; ९४ % (वास्तव में पांच वर्षों से लगातार ) हेतु मैं अत्यंत आभारी हूँ | व्यक्तिगत/खराब स्वास्थ्य के कारण मैने हिंदी सिखाना मार्च २०१५ से छोड़ दिया है । दिसंबर २०१५ से मेरे द्वारा और कोई हिंदी पाठ नहीं समर्पित किये जाएंगे | शुभकामनाओं के साथ, धन्यवाद , सुरेश भारत नवंबर ३० , २०१५ I am Suresh. I was born in the province of Kerala in 1955. I spent 35 years in the state of Bihar/Jharkhand. My mother tongue is Tamil. I studied in Hindi medium till graduation (commerce). My inclination towards Hindi has been right from my childhood. I served a US NGO for 29 years in India and abroad. I am , in-fact, a logistics/Supply Chain Management (SCM) and disaster management( camp) expert. I have submitted nine hundred and forty-eight(948) lessons in Hindi here (www.Ispeakhindi.com) for readers during 66 months. I am extremely grateful to you all for having reposed your faith in me and continuous support, comments and evaluations ( so far 94% rating achieved which has been consistent for the five year) of the lessons. Due to personal/poor health reasons, I have stopped taking Hindi tuition effective March 2015. Effective December 2015 no more Hindi lessons of mine will be published in this site. With best wishes, Thank you. Suresh November 30, 2015 email id: sskay56@gmail.com