मैं – I

I
मैं

I am Meena.
मैं मीना हूँ।

I am Naraindas.
मैं नारायनदास हूँ।

I am Sonia.
मैं सोनिया हूँ।

I am at home.

मैं घर पर हूँ।

I am not at home.
मैं घर पर नहीं हूँ।

The past tense changes depending on the gender of the subject. Here is an example.

I was at the shop. (spoken by a man)
मैं दुकान पर था।

I was at the shop. (spoken by a woman)
मैं दुकान पर थी।

I was tired. (spoken by a man)
मैं थका था।

I was tired. (spoken by a woman)
मैं थकी थी।

I was sick. (spoken by a man)
मैं बीमार था।

I was sick. (spoken by a woman)
मैं बीमार थी।

In the present tense, you do not see any difference in the sentences. Here are similar examples to the above.

I am at the shop.
मैं दुकान पर हूँ।

I am sick.
मैं बीमार हूँ।

While the first person verb for ‘AM’ might not change in the present tense, you still see a difference in adjectives that end in “aa”.

I am tired. (spoken by a man)
मैं थका हूँ।

I am tired. (spoken by a woman)
मैं थकी हूँ।

There is another note to make about the past tense. When using transitive verbs, the object of the sentence becomes the subject of the verb and the person doing the action is designated with the postposition “ne”. The postposition should cause you to use the oblique case of the pronoun, but with mein there is no change. Here are some examples of transitive verbs in the past tense.

I drank tea.
मैं ने चाय पी।

I ate food.
मैं ने खाना खाया।

I will drink water. (spoken by a man)

मैं पानी पीऊँगा।

I will drink water. (spoken by a woman)
मैं पानी पीऊँगी।

I will speak. (spoken by a man)
मैं बोलूँगा।

I will speak. (spoken by a woman)
मैं बोलूँगी।

About the Author

Profile photo of Nathan Started ISpeakHindi.com in June 2007. Continue to work on ISpeakHindi.com to learn Hindi myself and to help others want to learn it. Nathan Price is the sole owner of ISpeakHindi.com.