Review of the first person singular tenses

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In this episode we will review the first person tenses that we have covered so far. For example, we will look at “I come.” “I went” “I will go.”

 

Now let us go over the review questions from the last episode:

Translate from Hindi to English and identify if the speaker is a man or a woman.

 

1) मैं किताब लूँगा। (main kitaab luungaa)

Man speaking:  I will take the book.

2) मैं पेसा नहीं लूँगी।  (main pesaa nahiin luungii)

Woman speaking: I will not take the money.

3) मैं आपको चाय दूँगा।  (main aapko chaay duungaa)

Man speaking: I will give the tea to you.

4) मैं आपसे मेज़ लूँगा। (main aapse mez luungaa)

Man Speaking: I will take the table from you.

5) मैं राम को मेरी काली क़लम दूँगी।  (main raam ko merii kaalii qalam duungii)

Woman Speaking: I will give my black pen to Ram.

 

Lesson

When you look up a word in the dictionary, you will find it in its “infinitive” form.  This is the form that ends with ना (naa), remove the ना (naa) and change the ending to conjugate it for the subject of the sentence and the tense.  In the past few episodes, we have covered many of the first person singular tenses.  The present tense “I go”.  The past tense “I went” and the future tense “I will go”.  Today let us review these.  Many of these forms change depending on if it is spoken by a man or a woman.

उठना (uthnaa) is the verb “to rise” (also means “to get up”).  Take off the ना and you have उठ.

I rise:

Man: मैं उठता हूँ।  (main uthtaa)

Woman: मैं उठती हूँ। (main uththii)

I rose:

Man: मैं उठा। (main uthaa)

Woman: मैं उठी।  (main uthii)

I will rise:

Man: मैं उठूँगा।  (main uthuungaa)

Woman: मैं उठूँगी।  (main uthuungii)

 

to move is चलना  (chalnaa)

I move.

Man: मैं चलता हूँ।  (main chaltaa huun)

Woman: मैं चलती हूँ।  (main chaltii huun)

I moved.

Man: मैं चला।  (main chalaa)

Woman: मैं चली।  (main chalii)

I will move.

Man: मैं चलूँगा।  (main chaluungaa)

Woman: मैं चलूँगी।  (main ghaluungii)

 

 

To come is आना.  (aanaa)

I come:

Man: मैं आता हूँ।  (main aataa huun)

Woman: मैं आती हूँ।  (main aathii huun)

And remember in the past tense if the stem ends in a आ or an ई then add a य before adding the usual ending.

I came:

Man: मैं आया।  (main aayaa)

Woman: मैं आयी।  (main aayii)

I will come:

Man: मैं आऊँगा।  (main aauungaa)

Woman: मैं आऊँगी।  (main aauungii)

“to go” is जाना  (jaanaa)

I go:

Man: मैं जाता हूँ।  (main jaataa huun)

Woman: मैं जाती हूँ।  (main jaatii huun)

But remember “I went” is different.

I went:

man: मैं गया।  (main gayaa)

woman: मैं गयी।  (main gayii)

I will go:

man: मैं जाऊँगा।  (main jaauungaa)

woman: मैं जाऊँगी।  (main jaauungii)

And do not forget that होना (honaa) “to be”, लेना (lenaa) “to take”, and देना (denaa) “to give” have a slightly different future tense form.

 

Here are some questions to test your understanding.  Use the following verbs:

गिरना – to fall

मिलना – to meet

रोना – to cry (weep)

Translate the following two times.  First as if a man was saying it, then as if a woman was saying it.

1) I will fall.

2) I met.

3) I cry.

4) I fell.

5) I will meet.

 

We are going to try something different.  Instead of including the answers at the first part of the next lesson, use the link below to be taken to a page that has the answers with a recording of the explanation.

 

Click here to view and hear the answers.

You can discuss this lesson in our forums.

 

 

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Looking for something more basic? Why not try our "50 Hindi Words to Get You Started" Lesson?
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