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Consider this basic sentence:
These two words almost always go together. If you start a sentence with मैं (I), expect to end it with हूँ (am), even if you do not see a corresponding “am” in the English sentence.
Now let’s look at a pattern using the verb खाना which means “to eat”.
मैं खाता हूँ। – I eat.
मैं मछली खाता हूँ। – I eat fish.
मैं रात को मछली खाता हूँ। – I eat fish at night.
मैं रोटी के साथ मछली खाता हूँ। – I eat fish with roti.
मैं घर पर मछली खाता हूँ। – I eat fish at home.
You can imagine these being the answers to:
क्या आप मछली खाते हैं? – Do you eat fish?
or perhaps आप क्या खाते हैं? – What do you eat?
Notice that the meaning of क्या is completely different in these two sentences. In the first one, it turns it into a “yes/no” question. In the second sentence, it means “what”. Notice that if you see क्या at the beginning of the sentence it is turning a statement into a question, and if you see it in the middle of the sentence, it means “what”.
आप कब मछली खाते हैं? – When do you eat fish?
आप मछली किस के साथ खाते हैं? – With what do you eat fish?
आप कहाँ मछली खाते हैं? – Where do you eat fish?
Try doing creating a similar set of sentences with a verb of your choice and come to the website ISpeakHindi.com and add your examples in a comment. Here are some possible verbs you could use:
गाना – to sing
नाचना – to dance
लिखना – to write
पढ़ना – to read
Also, all the examples above where given in the masculine forms. Do you know the feminine forms? Come by the website and leave them in a comment.Download an entire month's worth of lessons. We have all the lessons from May 2009 through October 2011 in zip files containing the audio files and a PDF with all the lessons. You can download these in the paid subscriber area.
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